Role of caspase-1 subfamily in cytotoxic cytokine-induced oligodendrocyte cell death

S. Hisahara, R. Takano, S. Shoji, H. Okano, M. Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oligodendrocytes are myelin forming cells in mammalian central nervous system. About 50% of oligodendrocytes (OLGs) undergo cell death in normal development. In addition, OLG cell deaths have been observed in demyelinating diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS). Clinical observations and in vitro cell culture studies have suggested that cytokines mediate OLG cell damage in multiple sclerosis (MS). Among the cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is thought to be one of the mediators responsible for the damage of OLGs in MS. The administration of TNF-α to primary cultures of OLGs induced DNA fragmentation, and significantly decreased the number of live OLGs. Chemical inhibitors Ac-YVAD-CHO (a specific inhibitor of caspase-1 (ICE)-like proteases) enhanced the survival of TNF-α treated OLGs better than Ac-DEVD-CHO (a specific inhibitor of caspase-3 (CPP32)-like proteases). These results indicate that caspase-1-mediated cell-death pathway are activated in TNF-induced OLG cell death. Caspase-11 is involved in activation of caspase-1. Oligodendrocytes from caspase-11-deficient mice are partially resistant to TNF-induced OLG cell death. Our results suggest that the inhibition of caspase-1 sufamily may be a novel therapeutic approach to treat MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission, Supplement
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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