Role of heterodimerization of c-Fos and Fra1 proteins in osteoclast differentiation

Latifa Bakiri, Yasunari Takada, Martin Radolf, Robert Eferl, Moshe Yaniv, Erwin F. Wagner, Koichi Matsuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bone resorbing osteoclasts are specialized macrophages that cannot differentiate in the absence of c-Fos, a member of the dimeric transcription factor AP-1 (activator protein-1). However, osteoclast differentiation in the absence of c-Fos can be rescued in vitro and in vivo by Fra1, a Fos-like protein and transcriptional target of c-Fos. To enable AP-1 proteins binding to DNA, c-Fos or Fra1 must heterodimerize with a partner such as c-Jun, JunB and JunD. In this study, we investigated the dimerization partners of c-Fos and Fra1 required for osteoclast differentiation using synthetic "single-chain" AP-1 dimers in which c-Fos or Fra1 is tethered via a linker to Jun proteins. When c-Fos was analyzed in combination with any Jun protein, including a c-Jun mutant lacking major phosphorylation sites for c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK), osteoclasts were efficiently formed from c-Fos-deficient hematopoietic precursors. However, Fra1 in combination with any Jun protein could not rescue osteoclastogenesis. The ability to rescue was compared to transcriptional activity measured in transient transfection assays using promoters driven by consensus AP-1 sites or a composite AP-1/NFAT binding site. These data show that a single Jun/c-Fos dimer is sufficient for osteoclast differentiation, likely due to its transactivation ability for a broader range of promoters, in particular consensus AP-1 sites. We propose that Fra1 together with a dimerization partner different from Jun proteins can rescue osteoclast differentiation in c-Fos-deficient precursors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-875
Number of pages9
JournalBone
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr

Fingerprint

Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
Transcription Factor AP-1
Osteoclasts
Dimerization
Proteins
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
DNA-Binding Proteins
Osteogenesis
Transcriptional Activation
Transfection
Transcription Factors
Macrophages
Binding Sites
Phosphorylation
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • AP-1
  • c-Fos
  • Dimer
  • Fra-1
  • Jun
  • NFAT
  • Osteoclast
  • Rescue
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology

Cite this

Bakiri, L., Takada, Y., Radolf, M., Eferl, R., Yaniv, M., Wagner, E. F., & Matsuo, K. (2007). Role of heterodimerization of c-Fos and Fra1 proteins in osteoclast differentiation. Bone, 40(4), 867-875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2006.11.005

Role of heterodimerization of c-Fos and Fra1 proteins in osteoclast differentiation. / Bakiri, Latifa; Takada, Yasunari; Radolf, Martin; Eferl, Robert; Yaniv, Moshe; Wagner, Erwin F.; Matsuo, Koichi.

In: Bone, Vol. 40, No. 4, 04.2007, p. 867-875.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bakiri, L, Takada, Y, Radolf, M, Eferl, R, Yaniv, M, Wagner, EF & Matsuo, K 2007, 'Role of heterodimerization of c-Fos and Fra1 proteins in osteoclast differentiation', Bone, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 867-875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2006.11.005
Bakiri L, Takada Y, Radolf M, Eferl R, Yaniv M, Wagner EF et al. Role of heterodimerization of c-Fos and Fra1 proteins in osteoclast differentiation. Bone. 2007 Apr;40(4):867-875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2006.11.005
Bakiri, Latifa ; Takada, Yasunari ; Radolf, Martin ; Eferl, Robert ; Yaniv, Moshe ; Wagner, Erwin F. ; Matsuo, Koichi. / Role of heterodimerization of c-Fos and Fra1 proteins in osteoclast differentiation. In: Bone. 2007 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 867-875.
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