Safety of Fibrinogen Concentrate and Cryoprecipitate in Cardiovascular Surgery: Multicenter Database Study

Takuma Maeda, Shigeki Miyata, Akihiko Usui, Kimitoshi Nishiwaki, Hitoshi Tanaka, Yutaka Okita, Nobuyuki Katori, Hideyuki Shimizu, Hiroaki Sasaki, Yoshihiko Ohnishi, Yuichi Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate whether administering fibrinogen concentrate or cryoprecipitate is associated with increased postoperative thromboembolic events and improved mortality in patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery. Design: Multicenter retrospective cohort study using propensity-score analyses and multivariate logistic regression analysis to control for confounders. Setting: Four hospitals (1 national cardiovascular center and 3 university hospitals). Participants: Patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass between January 2010 and October 2012 (n = 1,047). Interventions: Outcomes in patients treated with fibrinogen concentrate or cryoprecipitate (fibrinogen group) were compared with those who did not receive these products (no fibrinogen group) based on propensity-score matching. Multivariate logistic regression analysis then was performed to confirm the results. Measurements and Main Results: Among 1,047 patients enrolled in this study, 247 patients received fibrinogen concentrate or cryoprecipitate. The median amount of administered fibrinogen was 3 g (interquartile range 2-4 g). Eighty-seven patients were excluded from the propensity-score matching because of missing data. Propensity-score–matched analysis showed no significant difference in the incidence of thromboembolic events or 30-day mortality rate between the groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that the fibrinogen group showed no significant difference in thromboembolic events (odds ratio 1.22; 95% confidence interval 0.76-1.95; p = 0.408) or mortality rate (odds ratio 0.44; 95% confidence interval 0.18-1.12; p = 0.081) compared with those in the no fibrinogen group. Conclusions: Administering fibrinogen concentrate or cryoprecipitate was associated with neither thromboembolic events nor 30-day mortality in patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery. Administering fibrinogen concentrate or cryoprecipitate is safe and does not appear to increase thromboembolic events and mortality in thoracic aortic surgery patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb

Keywords

  • cardiovascular surgery
  • cryoprecipitate
  • fibrinogen
  • fibrinogen concentrate
  • massive bleeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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    Maeda, T., Miyata, S., Usui, A., Nishiwaki, K., Tanaka, H., Okita, Y., Katori, N., Shimizu, H., Sasaki, H., Ohnishi, Y., & Ueda, Y. (2019). Safety of Fibrinogen Concentrate and Cryoprecipitate in Cardiovascular Surgery: Multicenter Database Study. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, 33(2), 321-327. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2018.06.001