Safety studies of plasma-wall events with AINA code for Japanese DEMO

J. C. Rivas, M. Nakamura, Y. Someya, K. Hoshino, N. Asakura, H. Takase, Y. Miyoshi, H. Utoh, K. Tobita, J. Dies, A. de Blas, A. Riego, M. Fabbri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this contribution, the work done in AINA code during 2014 and 2015 at IFERC is presented. The main motivation of this work was to adapt the code and to perform safety studies for a Japanese DEMO design. Related to AINA code, the work has supposed major changes in plasma models. Significant is the addition of an integrated SOL-pedestal model that allows the estimation of heat loads at divertor. Also, a thermal model for a WCPB (water cooled pebble bed) breeding blanket has been developed based in parametric input data from neutronics calculations. Related to safety studies, a major breakthrough in the study of LOPC (loss of plasma control) transients has been the use of an optimization method to determine the most severe transients in terms of the shortest melting times. The results of the safety study show that LOPC transients are not likely to be severe for breeding blanket, but for the case of divertor can induce severe melting. For ex-vessel LOCA (loss of coolant accident) analysis, it is severe for both blanket and divertor, but in the first case the transient time until melting is nearly two orders of magnitude higher. The results point out that the recovery time for plasma control system should be at least one order of magnitude lower than confinement time to avoid melting of divertor targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1653-1657
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume109-111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DEMO
  • Ex-vessel LOCA
  • Fusion safety
  • Loss of plasma control
  • Pedestal sol model
  • Plasma transients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Rivas, J. C., Nakamura, M., Someya, Y., Hoshino, K., Asakura, N., Takase, H., Miyoshi, Y., Utoh, H., Tobita, K., Dies, J., de Blas, A., Riego, A., & Fabbri, M. (2016). Safety studies of plasma-wall events with AINA code for Japanese DEMO. Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111, 1653-1657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2015.10.037