Background: Local recurrence after definitive chemoradiation therapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy with curative intent is often seen in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. We evaluated the feasibility of salvage pulmonary resection after definitive non-surgical treatments and the postoperative morbidity and mortality rates. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the characteristics and medical courses of patients who had undergone salvage pulmonary resections after local relapse or progression between January 2000 and March 2018 at the National Cancer Centre Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. All the candidates were evaluated, and curability by surgical resection was assessed by a multidisciplinary tumor board. Results: A total of 38 patient received salvage surgery: 26 of the patients were men, and the median age was 64.5 years (range, 20−78 years). Among these 38 patients, salvage lung resection was performed after chemoradiotherapy in 23 patients, after chemotherapy in 9 patients, and after radiotherapy with curative intent in 6 patients. The surgical resection methods were as follows: 26 lobectomies (2 bilobectomy, 15 right upper, 5 right lower, 1 right middle, 2 left lower and 1 left upper), 8 pneumonectomies (5 left and 3 right), and 4 segmentectomies. A complete resection (R0 resection) was achieved in 35 cases (92.1 %). Postoperative complications were observed in 3 patients (prolonged air leakage, bronchopleural fistula and surgical site infection in 1 patient each). No postoperative deaths occurred within 30 days after surgery. Conclusion: Along with better outcomes after definitive chemoradiotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, the frequency of salvage surgery has been increasing in recent years. Salvage pulmonary resections after definitive non-surgical treatments with curative intent are feasible with an acceptable morbidity rate and oncological outcomes in thoroughly assessed patients.
- Definitive chemoradiation therapy
- Salvage surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research