The structure-property relationship of an elastic physical gel, obtained by simply quenching syndiotactic polypropylene (sPP)/decahydronaphthalene solution with liquid nitrogen, was investigated based on small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) analysis. The SANS analysis revealed that sPP nanocrystals with a constant radius of 4-5 nm existed in the sPP gels regardless of the sPP concentration, whereas the correlation length of the nanocrystals drastically decreased from ∼130 to ∼20 nm upon increasing the sPP concentration from 2 to 12 wt%. The volume fraction and the number density of the sPP nanocrystals increased monotonously with the increase in the sPP concentration. The rheological properties and the melting behavior of the quenched sPP gels were highly consistent with the number density of the nanocrystals calculated from the SANS analysis, strongly suggesting that the sPP nanocrystals actually worked as crosslinking points by inducing elasticity in the quenched sPP gels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics