SANS study on the nano-crystalline network structure of elastic physical gels made of syndiotactic polypropylene

Fuyuaki Endo, Naruki Kurokawa, Keishi Tanimoto, Hiroki Iwase, Tomoki Maeda, Atsushi Hotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The structure-property relationship of an elastic physical gel, obtained by simply quenching syndiotactic polypropylene (sPP)/decahydronaphthalene solution with liquid nitrogen, was investigated based on small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) analysis. The SANS analysis revealed that sPP nanocrystals with a constant radius of 4-5 nm existed in the sPP gels regardless of the sPP concentration, whereas the correlation length of the nanocrystals drastically decreased from ∼130 to ∼20 nm upon increasing the sPP concentration from 2 to 12 wt%. The volume fraction and the number density of the sPP nanocrystals increased monotonously with the increase in the sPP concentration. The rheological properties and the melting behavior of the quenched sPP gels were highly consistent with the number density of the nanocrystals calculated from the SANS analysis, strongly suggesting that the sPP nanocrystals actually worked as crosslinking points by inducing elasticity in the quenched sPP gels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5521-5528
Number of pages8
JournalSoft matter
Volume15
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 10

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Polypropylenes
Neutron scattering
polypropylene
neutron scattering
Gels
gels
Crystalline materials
Nanocrystals
nanocrystals
Liquid nitrogen
crosslinking
liquid nitrogen
Crosslinking
Quenching
Elasticity
Volume fraction
Melting
elastic properties
quenching
melting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

SANS study on the nano-crystalline network structure of elastic physical gels made of syndiotactic polypropylene. / Endo, Fuyuaki; Kurokawa, Naruki; Tanimoto, Keishi; Iwase, Hiroki; Maeda, Tomoki; Hotta, Atsushi.

In: Soft matter, Vol. 15, No. 27, 10.07.2019, p. 5521-5528.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Endo, Fuyuaki ; Kurokawa, Naruki ; Tanimoto, Keishi ; Iwase, Hiroki ; Maeda, Tomoki ; Hotta, Atsushi. / SANS study on the nano-crystalline network structure of elastic physical gels made of syndiotactic polypropylene. In: Soft matter. 2019 ; Vol. 15, No. 27. pp. 5521-5528.
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