Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. NOD2 mutations have been shown to predispose to granulomatous diseases, including Crohn's disease, Blau syndrome, and early-onset sarcoidosis, but not to adult sarcoidosis. We found that intracellular Propionibacterium acnes, a possible causative agent of sarcoidosis, activated NF-κB in both NOD1- and NOD2-dependent manners. Systematic search for NOD1 gene polymorphisms in Japanese sarcoidosis patients identified two alleles, 796G-haplotype (156C, 483C, 796G, 1722G) and 796A-haplotype (156G, 483T, 796A, 1722A). Allelic discrimination of 73 sarcoidosis patients and 215 healthy individuals showed that the frequency of 796A-type allele was significantly higher in sarcoidosis patients and the ORs were significantly elevated in NOD1-796G/A and 796A/A genotypes (OR [95% CI] = 2.250 [1.084, 4.670] and 3.243 [1.402, 7.502], respectively) as compared to G/G genotype, showing an increasing trend across the 3 genotypes (P = 0.006 for trend). A similar association was found when 52 interstitial pneumonia patients were used as disease controls. Functional studies showed that the NOD1 796A-allele was associated with reduced expression leading to diminished NF-κB activation in response to intracellular P. acnes. The results indicate that impaired recognition of intracellular P. acnes through NOD1 affects the susceptibility to sarcoidosis in the Japanese population.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Sep|
- Granulomatous disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology