Satisfaction with dietary life affects oral health-related quality of life and subjective well-being in very elderly people

Toshimitsu Iinuma, Yasumichi Arai, Midori Takayama, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Yusuke Osawa, Motoko Fukumoto, Yusuke Fukui, Yohei Shioda, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Kazuo Komiyama, Nobuhito Gionhaku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Age-related deterioration in physical and oral health reduces healthy life expectancy and is thus an important problem for very elderly people. We investigated the effects of satisfaction with dietary life (SDL) in everyday life on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being and examined associations between these factors. We evaluated 426 elders aged 85 years or older. All participants completed a questionnaire that inquired about age, gender, drinking status, body mass index, cognitive function, disability, and comorbidities, among other covariates. Oral, physical, and mental health conditions were also examined. Associations of questionnaire results for SDL with items on subjective well-being (Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale [PGC] and World Health Organization-5 [WHO-5]) and OHRQoL (Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index [GOHAI]) were confirmed with multiple logistic regression analysis. In a multivariate model adjusted for various confounders, participants with self-reported “enjoyable” SDL had significantly lower risks for having the lowest scores on the GOHAI, PGC, and WHO-5 (odds ratio [OR] = 0.460, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.277-0.762; OR = 0.589, 95% CI = 0.348-0.996; and OR = 0.452, 95% CI = 0.263-0.775, respectively). These associations remained after further adjustment for number of teeth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-213
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of oral science
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Quality of Life
Geriatrics
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Morale
Life Expectancy
Cognition
Drinking
Comorbidity
Tooth
Mental Health
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Enjoy eating
  • Healthy life expectancy
  • OHRQoL
  • Subjective well-being
  • Very elderly people

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Satisfaction with dietary life affects oral health-related quality of life and subjective well-being in very elderly people. / Iinuma, Toshimitsu; Arai, Yasumichi; Takayama, Midori; Takayama, Michiyo; Abe, Yukiko; Osawa, Yusuke; Fukumoto, Motoko; Fukui, Yusuke; Shioda, Yohei; Hirose, Nobuyoshi; Komiyama, Kazuo; Gionhaku, Nobuhito.

In: Journal of oral science, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2017, p. 207-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iinuma, Toshimitsu ; Arai, Yasumichi ; Takayama, Midori ; Takayama, Michiyo ; Abe, Yukiko ; Osawa, Yusuke ; Fukumoto, Motoko ; Fukui, Yusuke ; Shioda, Yohei ; Hirose, Nobuyoshi ; Komiyama, Kazuo ; Gionhaku, Nobuhito. / Satisfaction with dietary life affects oral health-related quality of life and subjective well-being in very elderly people. In: Journal of oral science. 2017 ; Vol. 59, No. 2. pp. 207-213.
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