### Abstract

In turbulent planar Couette flow under anticyclonic spanwise system rotation, large-scale roll-cell structures arise due to a Coriolis-force-induced instability. The structures are superimposed on smaller-scale turbulence, and with increasing angular velocity () such roll cells dominate the flow field and small-scale turbulence is instead suppressed in a certain rotation number range <![CDATA[$0 (, where is the channel half-width, the wall velocity). At low rotation numbers around both large-scale roll cells and smaller-scale turbulence coexist. In the present study, we investigate interaction between these structures through a scale-by-scale analysis of the Reynolds stress transport. We show that at low rotation numbers the turbulence productions by the mean flow gradient and the Coriolis force occur at different scales and thereby the turbulent energy distribution over a wide range of scales is maintained. On the other hand at higher rotation numbers, a zero-Absolute-vorticity state is established and production of small scales from the mean shear disappears although large-scale turbulence production is maintained through the Coriolis force. At high enough Reynolds numbers, where scale separation between the near-wall structures and the roll cells is relatively distinct, transition between these different regimes is found to occur rather abruptly around, resulting in a non-monotonic behaviour of the wall shear stress as a function of. It is also shown that at such an intermediate rotation number the roll cells interact with smaller scales by moving near-wall structures towards the core region of the channel, by which the Reynolds stress is transported from relatively small scales near the wall towards larger scales in the channel centre. Such Reynolds stress transport by scale interaction becomes increasingly significant as the Reynolds number increases, and results in a reversed mean velocity gradient at the channel centre at high enough Reynolds numbers.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 255-295 |

Number of pages | 41 |

Journal | Journal of Fluid Mechanics |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Accepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Keywords

- rotating turbulence
- turbulent boundary layers

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering

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## Cite this

*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 255-295. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.668