Scoring system for identification of “survival advantage” after successful percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion

Tatsuya Nakachi, Shun Kohsaka, Masahisa Yamane, Toshiya Muramatsu, Atsunori Okamura, Yoshifumi Kashima, Shunsuke Matsuno, Masami Sakurada, Yoshitane Seino, Maoto Habara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is widely used in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO), but its benefit in improving long-term outcomes is controversial. We aimed to develop a prediction score for grading “survival advantage” conferred by successful results of CTO-PCI and a scoring system for prediction of the influence of CTO-PCI results on major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs). Methods: Follow-up data of 2625 patients who underwent CTO-PCI at 65 Japanese centers were analyzed. An integer scoring system was developed by including statistical effect modifiers on the association between successful CTO-PCI and one-year mortality. Results: Follow-up at 12 months was completed in 2034 patients. During follow-up, 76 deaths (3.7%) occurred. Patients with successful CTO-PCI had a better one-year survival than patients with failed CTO-PCI (log rank P = 0.016). Effect modifiers for the association between successful procedure and one-year mortality included diabetes (P interaction = 0.043), multivessel disease (P interaction = 0.175), Canadian Cardiovascular Society class ≥2 (P interaction = 0.088), and prior myocardial infarction (MI) (P interaction = 0.117). Each component was assigned a single point and summed to develop the scoring system. The patients were then categorized to specify the prediction of survival advantage by successful PCI: ≤2 (normal) and ≥3 (distinct). The differences in one-year mortality between patients with successful and failed treatment were −0.7% and 11.3% for normal and distinct score categories, respectively. In the scoring system for MACCE, score components were prior MI (P interaction = 0.19), left anterior descending artery (LAD)-CTO (P interaction = 0.079), and reattempt of CTO-PCI (P interaction = 0.18). The differences in one-year MACCEs between successful and failed patients for each score category (0, 1, and ≥2) were −1.7%, 7.5%, and 15.1%, respectively. Conclusions: The novel scoring system assessing the advantage of successful PCI can be easily applied in patients with CTO. It is a valid instrument for clinical decision-making while assessing the survival advantage of CTO-PCI and the influence of procedural results on MACCEs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1319
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May

Keywords

  • Chronic total coronary occlusion
  • Coronary revascularization
  • Follow-up study
  • Outcomes
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Stable ischemic heart disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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