Search for Neutrinos from Annihilation of Captured Low-Mass Dark Matter Particles in the Sun by Super-Kamiokande

Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

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Super-Kamiokande (SK) can search for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) by detecting neutrinos produced from WIMP annihilations occurring inside the Sun. In this analysis, we include neutrino events with interaction vertices in the detector in addition to upward-going muons produced in the surrounding rock. Compared to the previous result, which used the upward-going muons only, the signal acceptances for light (few-GeV/c2-200-GeV/c2) WIMPs are significantly increased. We fit 3903 days of SK data to search for the contribution of neutrinos from WIMP annihilation in the Sun. We found no significant excess over expected atmospheric-neutrino background and the result is interpreted in terms of upper limits on WIMP-nucleon elastic scattering cross sections under different assumptions about the annihilation channel. We set the current best limits on the spin-dependent WIMP-proton cross section for WIMP masses below 200 GeV/c2 (at 10 GeV/c2, 1.49×10-39 cm2 for χχ→bb¯ and 1.31×10-40 cm2 for χχ→τ+τ- annihilation channels), also ruling out some fraction of WIMP candidates with spin-independent coupling in the few-GeV/c2 mass range.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141301
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 6


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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