Search for Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande Associated with the GW170817 Neutron-star Merger

K. Abe, C. Bronner, Y. Hayato, M. Ikeda, K. Iyogi, J. Kameda, Y. Kato, Y. Kishimoto, Ll Marti, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, Y. Nakajima, Y. Nakano, S. Nakayama, A. Orii, G. Pronost, H. Sekiya, M. Shiozawa, Y. SonodaA. Takeda, A. Takenaka, H. Tanaka, S. Tasaka, T. Yano, R. Akutsu, T. Kajita, Yasuhiro Nishimura, K. Okumura, K. M. Tsui, L. Labarga, P. Fernandez, F. D.M. Blaszczyk, C. Kachulis, E. Kearns, J. L. Raaf, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, S. Berkman, S. Tobayama, J. Bian, M. Elnimr, W. R. Kropp, S. Locke, S. Mine, P. Weatherly, M. B. Smy, H. W. Sobel, V. Takhistov, K. S. Ganezer, J. Hill, J. Y. Kim, I. T. Lim, R. G. Park, Z. Li, E. O'Sullivan, K. Scholberg, C. W. Walter, M. Gonin, J. Imber, Th A. Mueller, T. Ishizuka, T. Nakamura, J. S. Jang, K. Choi, J. G. Learned, S. Matsuno, J. Amey, R. P. Litchfield, W. Y. Ma, Y. Uchida, M. O. Wascko, M. G. Catanesi, R. A. Intonti, E. Radicioni, G. De Rosa, A. Ali, G. Collazuol, L. Ludovici, S. Cao, M. Friend, T. Hasegawa, T. Ishida, T. Ishii, T. Kobayashi, T. Nakadaira, K. Nakamura, Y. Oyama, K. Sakashita, T. Sekiguchi, T. Tsukamoto, K. E. Abe, M. Hasegawa, A. T. Suzuki, Y. Takeuchi, T. Hayashino, S. Hirota, M. Jiang, M. Mori, K. E. Nakamura, T. Nakaya, R. A. Wendell, L. H.V. Anthony, N. McCauley, A. Pritchard, Y. Fukuda, Y. Itow, M. Murase, F. Muto, P. Mijakowski, K. Frankiewicz, C. K. Jung, X. Li, J. L. Palomino, G. Santucci, C. Viela, M. J. Wilking, C. Yanagisawa, D. Fukuda, H. Ishino, S. Ito, A. Kibayashi, Y. Koshio, H. Nagata, M. Sakuda, C. Xu, Y. Kuno, D. Wark, F. Di Lodovico, B. Richards, S. Molina Sedgwick, R. Tacik, S. B. Kim, A. Cole, L. Thompson, H. Okazawa, Y. Choi, K. Ito, K. Nishijima, M. Koshiba, Y. Suda, M. Yokoyama, R. G. Calland, M. Hartz, K. Martens, M. Murdoch, B. Quilain, C. Simpson, Y. Suzuki, M. R. Vagins, D. Hamabe, M. Kuze, Y. Okajima, T. Yoshida, M. Ishitsuka, J. F. Martin, C. M. Nantais, H. A. Tanaka, T. Towstego, A. Konaka, S. Chen, L. Wan, A. Minamino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the results of a neutrino search in Super-Kamiokande (SK) for coincident signals with the first detected gravitational wave (GW) produced by a binary neutron-star merger, GW170817, which was followed by a short gamma-ray burst, GRB170817A, and a kilonova/macronova. We searched for coincident neutrino events in the range from 3.5 MeV to ∼100 PeV, in a time window ±500 s around the gravitational wave detection time, as well as during a 14-day period after the detection. No significant neutrino signal was observed for either time window. We calculated 90% confidence level upper limits on the neutrino fluence for GW170817. From the upward-going-muon events in the energy region above 1.6 GeV, the neutrino fluence limit is () cm -2 for muon neutrinos (muon antineutrinos), with an error range of ±5around the zenith angle of NGC4993, and the energy spectrum is under the assumption of an index of-2. The fluence limit for neutrino energies less than 100 MeV, for which the emission mechanism would be different than for higher-energy neutrinos, is also calculated. It is 6.6 × 10 7 cm -2 for anti-electron neutrinos under the assumption of a Fermi-Dirac spectrum with average energy of 20 MeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL4
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume857
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 10
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

merger
neutron stars
neutrinos
energy
muons
fluence
zenith angle
gravitational waves
range errors
antineutrinos
electron
binary stars
zenith
gamma ray bursts
confidence
energy spectra
detection

Keywords

  • astroparticle physics
  • gravitational waves
  • neutrinos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Abe, K., Bronner, C., Hayato, Y., Ikeda, M., Iyogi, K., Kameda, J., ... Minamino, A. (2018). Search for Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande Associated with the GW170817 Neutron-star Merger. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 857(1), [L4]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aabaca

Search for Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande Associated with the GW170817 Neutron-star Merger. / Abe, K.; Bronner, C.; Hayato, Y.; Ikeda, M.; Iyogi, K.; Kameda, J.; Kato, Y.; Kishimoto, Y.; Marti, Ll; Miura, M.; Moriyama, S.; Nakahata, M.; Nakajima, Y.; Nakano, Y.; Nakayama, S.; Orii, A.; Pronost, G.; Sekiya, H.; Shiozawa, M.; Sonoda, Y.; Takeda, A.; Takenaka, A.; Tanaka, H.; Tasaka, S.; Yano, T.; Akutsu, R.; Kajita, T.; Nishimura, Yasuhiro; Okumura, K.; Tsui, K. M.; Labarga, L.; Fernandez, P.; Blaszczyk, F. D.M.; Kachulis, C.; Kearns, E.; Raaf, J. L.; Stone, J. L.; Sulak, L. R.; Berkman, S.; Tobayama, S.; Bian, J.; Elnimr, M.; Kropp, W. R.; Locke, S.; Mine, S.; Weatherly, P.; Smy, M. B.; Sobel, H. W.; Takhistov, V.; Ganezer, K. S.; Hill, J.; Kim, J. Y.; Lim, I. T.; Park, R. G.; Li, Z.; O'Sullivan, E.; Scholberg, K.; Walter, C. W.; Gonin, M.; Imber, J.; Mueller, Th A.; Ishizuka, T.; Nakamura, T.; Jang, J. S.; Choi, K.; Learned, J. G.; Matsuno, S.; Amey, J.; Litchfield, R. P.; Ma, W. Y.; Uchida, Y.; Wascko, M. O.; Catanesi, M. G.; Intonti, R. A.; Radicioni, E.; Rosa, G. De; Ali, A.; Collazuol, G.; Ludovici, L.; Cao, S.; Friend, M.; Hasegawa, T.; Ishida, T.; Ishii, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nakadaira, T.; Nakamura, K.; Oyama, Y.; Sakashita, K.; Sekiguchi, T.; Tsukamoto, T.; Abe, K. E.; Hasegawa, M.; Suzuki, A. T.; Takeuchi, Y.; Hayashino, T.; Hirota, S.; Jiang, M.; Mori, M.; Nakamura, K. E.; Nakaya, T.; Wendell, R. A.; Anthony, L. H.V.; McCauley, N.; Pritchard, A.; Fukuda, Y.; Itow, Y.; Murase, M.; Muto, F.; Mijakowski, P.; Frankiewicz, K.; Jung, C. K.; Li, X.; Palomino, J. L.; Santucci, G.; Viela, C.; Wilking, M. J.; Yanagisawa, C.; Fukuda, D.; Ishino, H.; Ito, S.; Kibayashi, A.; Koshio, Y.; Nagata, H.; Sakuda, M.; Xu, C.; Kuno, Y.; Wark, D.; Lodovico, F. Di; Richards, B.; Sedgwick, S. Molina; Tacik, R.; Kim, S. B.; Cole, A.; Thompson, L.; Okazawa, H.; Choi, Y.; Ito, K.; Nishijima, K.; Koshiba, M.; Suda, Y.; Yokoyama, M.; Calland, R. G.; Hartz, M.; Martens, K.; Murdoch, M.; Quilain, B.; Simpson, C.; Suzuki, Y.; Vagins, M. R.; Hamabe, D.; Kuze, M.; Okajima, Y.; Yoshida, T.; Ishitsuka, M.; Martin, J. F.; Nantais, C. M.; Tanaka, H. A.; Towstego, T.; Konaka, A.; Chen, S.; Wan, L.; Minamino, A.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 857, No. 1, L4, 10.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abe, K, Bronner, C, Hayato, Y, Ikeda, M, Iyogi, K, Kameda, J, Kato, Y, Kishimoto, Y, Marti, L, Miura, M, Moriyama, S, Nakahata, M, Nakajima, Y, Nakano, Y, Nakayama, S, Orii, A, Pronost, G, Sekiya, H, Shiozawa, M, Sonoda, Y, Takeda, A, Takenaka, A, Tanaka, H, Tasaka, S, Yano, T, Akutsu, R, Kajita, T, Nishimura, Y, Okumura, K, Tsui, KM, Labarga, L, Fernandez, P, Blaszczyk, FDM, Kachulis, C, Kearns, E, Raaf, JL, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Berkman, S, Tobayama, S, Bian, J, Elnimr, M, Kropp, WR, Locke, S, Mine, S, Weatherly, P, Smy, MB, Sobel, HW, Takhistov, V, Ganezer, KS, Hill, J, Kim, JY, Lim, IT, Park, RG, Li, Z, O'Sullivan, E, Scholberg, K, Walter, CW, Gonin, M, Imber, J, Mueller, TA, Ishizuka, T, Nakamura, T, Jang, JS, Choi, K, Learned, JG, Matsuno, S, Amey, J, Litchfield, RP, Ma, WY, Uchida, Y, Wascko, MO, Catanesi, MG, Intonti, RA, Radicioni, E, Rosa, GD, Ali, A, Collazuol, G, Ludovici, L, Cao, S, Friend, M, Hasegawa, T, Ishida, T, Ishii, T, Kobayashi, T, Nakadaira, T, Nakamura, K, Oyama, Y, Sakashita, K, Sekiguchi, T, Tsukamoto, T, Abe, KE, Hasegawa, M, Suzuki, AT, Takeuchi, Y, Hayashino, T, Hirota, S, Jiang, M, Mori, M, Nakamura, KE, Nakaya, T, Wendell, RA, Anthony, LHV, McCauley, N, Pritchard, A, Fukuda, Y, Itow, Y, Murase, M, Muto, F, Mijakowski, P, Frankiewicz, K, Jung, CK, Li, X, Palomino, JL, Santucci, G, Viela, C, Wilking, MJ, Yanagisawa, C, Fukuda, D, Ishino, H, Ito, S, Kibayashi, A, Koshio, Y, Nagata, H, Sakuda, M, Xu, C, Kuno, Y, Wark, D, Lodovico, FD, Richards, B, Sedgwick, SM, Tacik, R, Kim, SB, Cole, A, Thompson, L, Okazawa, H, Choi, Y, Ito, K, Nishijima, K, Koshiba, M, Suda, Y, Yokoyama, M, Calland, RG, Hartz, M, Martens, K, Murdoch, M, Quilain, B, Simpson, C, Suzuki, Y, Vagins, MR, Hamabe, D, Kuze, M, Okajima, Y, Yoshida, T, Ishitsuka, M, Martin, JF, Nantais, CM, Tanaka, HA, Towstego, T, Konaka, A, Chen, S, Wan, L & Minamino, A 2018, 'Search for Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande Associated with the GW170817 Neutron-star Merger', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 857, no. 1, L4. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aabaca
Abe, K. ; Bronner, C. ; Hayato, Y. ; Ikeda, M. ; Iyogi, K. ; Kameda, J. ; Kato, Y. ; Kishimoto, Y. ; Marti, Ll ; Miura, M. ; Moriyama, S. ; Nakahata, M. ; Nakajima, Y. ; Nakano, Y. ; Nakayama, S. ; Orii, A. ; Pronost, G. ; Sekiya, H. ; Shiozawa, M. ; Sonoda, Y. ; Takeda, A. ; Takenaka, A. ; Tanaka, H. ; Tasaka, S. ; Yano, T. ; Akutsu, R. ; Kajita, T. ; Nishimura, Yasuhiro ; Okumura, K. ; Tsui, K. M. ; Labarga, L. ; Fernandez, P. ; Blaszczyk, F. D.M. ; Kachulis, C. ; Kearns, E. ; Raaf, J. L. ; Stone, J. L. ; Sulak, L. R. ; Berkman, S. ; Tobayama, S. ; Bian, J. ; Elnimr, M. ; Kropp, W. R. ; Locke, S. ; Mine, S. ; Weatherly, P. ; Smy, M. B. ; Sobel, H. W. ; Takhistov, V. ; Ganezer, K. S. ; Hill, J. ; Kim, J. Y. ; Lim, I. T. ; Park, R. G. ; Li, Z. ; O'Sullivan, E. ; Scholberg, K. ; Walter, C. W. ; Gonin, M. ; Imber, J. ; Mueller, Th A. ; Ishizuka, T. ; Nakamura, T. ; Jang, J. S. ; Choi, K. ; Learned, J. G. ; Matsuno, S. ; Amey, J. ; Litchfield, R. P. ; Ma, W. Y. ; Uchida, Y. ; Wascko, M. O. ; Catanesi, M. G. ; Intonti, R. A. ; Radicioni, E. ; Rosa, G. De ; Ali, A. ; Collazuol, G. ; Ludovici, L. ; Cao, S. ; Friend, M. ; Hasegawa, T. ; Ishida, T. ; Ishii, T. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Nakadaira, T. ; Nakamura, K. ; Oyama, Y. ; Sakashita, K. ; Sekiguchi, T. ; Tsukamoto, T. ; Abe, K. E. ; Hasegawa, M. ; Suzuki, A. T. ; Takeuchi, Y. ; Hayashino, T. ; Hirota, S. ; Jiang, M. ; Mori, M. ; Nakamura, K. E. ; Nakaya, T. ; Wendell, R. A. ; Anthony, L. H.V. ; McCauley, N. ; Pritchard, A. ; Fukuda, Y. ; Itow, Y. ; Murase, M. ; Muto, F. ; Mijakowski, P. ; Frankiewicz, K. ; Jung, C. K. ; Li, X. ; Palomino, J. L. ; Santucci, G. ; Viela, C. ; Wilking, M. J. ; Yanagisawa, C. ; Fukuda, D. ; Ishino, H. ; Ito, S. ; Kibayashi, A. ; Koshio, Y. ; Nagata, H. ; Sakuda, M. ; Xu, C. ; Kuno, Y. ; Wark, D. ; Lodovico, F. Di ; Richards, B. ; Sedgwick, S. Molina ; Tacik, R. ; Kim, S. B. ; Cole, A. ; Thompson, L. ; Okazawa, H. ; Choi, Y. ; Ito, K. ; Nishijima, K. ; Koshiba, M. ; Suda, Y. ; Yokoyama, M. ; Calland, R. G. ; Hartz, M. ; Martens, K. ; Murdoch, M. ; Quilain, B. ; Simpson, C. ; Suzuki, Y. ; Vagins, M. R. ; Hamabe, D. ; Kuze, M. ; Okajima, Y. ; Yoshida, T. ; Ishitsuka, M. ; Martin, J. F. ; Nantais, C. M. ; Tanaka, H. A. ; Towstego, T. ; Konaka, A. ; Chen, S. ; Wan, L. ; Minamino, A. / Search for Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande Associated with the GW170817 Neutron-star Merger. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2018 ; Vol. 857, No. 1.
@article{8f66a89cde5940d6b4d53c399decb0c3,
title = "Search for Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande Associated with the GW170817 Neutron-star Merger",
abstract = "We report the results of a neutrino search in Super-Kamiokande (SK) for coincident signals with the first detected gravitational wave (GW) produced by a binary neutron-star merger, GW170817, which was followed by a short gamma-ray burst, GRB170817A, and a kilonova/macronova. We searched for coincident neutrino events in the range from 3.5 MeV to ∼100 PeV, in a time window ±500 s around the gravitational wave detection time, as well as during a 14-day period after the detection. No significant neutrino signal was observed for either time window. We calculated 90{\%} confidence level upper limits on the neutrino fluence for GW170817. From the upward-going-muon events in the energy region above 1.6 GeV, the neutrino fluence limit is () cm -2 for muon neutrinos (muon antineutrinos), with an error range of ±5around the zenith angle of NGC4993, and the energy spectrum is under the assumption of an index of-2. The fluence limit for neutrino energies less than 100 MeV, for which the emission mechanism would be different than for higher-energy neutrinos, is also calculated. It is 6.6 × 10 7 cm -2 for anti-electron neutrinos under the assumption of a Fermi-Dirac spectrum with average energy of 20 MeV.",
keywords = "astroparticle physics, gravitational waves, neutrinos",
author = "K. Abe and C. Bronner and Y. Hayato and M. Ikeda and K. Iyogi and J. Kameda and Y. Kato and Y. Kishimoto and Ll Marti and M. Miura and S. Moriyama and M. Nakahata and Y. Nakajima and Y. Nakano and S. Nakayama and A. Orii and G. Pronost and H. Sekiya and M. Shiozawa and Y. Sonoda and A. Takeda and A. Takenaka and H. Tanaka and S. Tasaka and T. Yano and R. Akutsu and T. Kajita and Yasuhiro Nishimura and K. Okumura and Tsui, {K. M.} and L. Labarga and P. Fernandez and Blaszczyk, {F. D.M.} and C. Kachulis and E. Kearns and Raaf, {J. L.} and Stone, {J. L.} and Sulak, {L. R.} and S. Berkman and S. Tobayama and J. Bian and M. Elnimr and Kropp, {W. R.} and S. Locke and S. Mine and P. Weatherly and Smy, {M. B.} and Sobel, {H. W.} and V. Takhistov and Ganezer, {K. S.} and J. Hill and Kim, {J. Y.} and Lim, {I. T.} and Park, {R. G.} and Z. Li and E. O'Sullivan and K. Scholberg and Walter, {C. W.} and M. Gonin and J. Imber and Mueller, {Th A.} and T. Ishizuka and T. Nakamura and Jang, {J. S.} and K. Choi and Learned, {J. G.} and S. Matsuno and J. Amey and Litchfield, {R. P.} and Ma, {W. Y.} and Y. Uchida and Wascko, {M. O.} and Catanesi, {M. G.} and Intonti, {R. A.} and E. Radicioni and Rosa, {G. De} and A. Ali and G. Collazuol and L. Ludovici and S. Cao and M. Friend and T. Hasegawa and T. Ishida and T. Ishii and T. Kobayashi and T. Nakadaira and K. Nakamura and Y. Oyama and K. Sakashita and T. Sekiguchi and T. Tsukamoto and Abe, {K. E.} and M. Hasegawa and Suzuki, {A. T.} and Y. Takeuchi and T. Hayashino and S. Hirota and M. Jiang and M. Mori and Nakamura, {K. E.} and T. Nakaya and Wendell, {R. A.} and Anthony, {L. H.V.} and N. McCauley and A. Pritchard and Y. Fukuda and Y. Itow and M. Murase and F. Muto and P. Mijakowski and K. Frankiewicz and Jung, {C. K.} and X. Li and Palomino, {J. L.} and G. Santucci and C. Viela and Wilking, {M. J.} and C. Yanagisawa and D. Fukuda and H. Ishino and S. Ito and A. Kibayashi and Y. Koshio and H. Nagata and M. Sakuda and C. Xu and Y. Kuno and D. Wark and Lodovico, {F. Di} and B. Richards and Sedgwick, {S. Molina} and R. Tacik and Kim, {S. B.} and A. Cole and L. Thompson and H. Okazawa and Y. Choi and K. Ito and K. Nishijima and M. Koshiba and Y. Suda and M. Yokoyama and Calland, {R. G.} and M. Hartz and K. Martens and M. Murdoch and B. Quilain and C. Simpson and Y. Suzuki and Vagins, {M. R.} and D. Hamabe and M. Kuze and Y. Okajima and T. Yoshida and M. Ishitsuka and Martin, {J. F.} and Nantais, {C. M.} and Tanaka, {H. A.} and T. Towstego and A. Konaka and S. Chen and L. Wan and A. Minamino",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "10",
doi = "10.3847/2041-8213/aabaca",
language = "English",
volume = "857",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal Letters",
issn = "2041-8205",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for Neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande Associated with the GW170817 Neutron-star Merger

AU - Abe, K.

AU - Bronner, C.

AU - Hayato, Y.

AU - Ikeda, M.

AU - Iyogi, K.

AU - Kameda, J.

AU - Kato, Y.

AU - Kishimoto, Y.

AU - Marti, Ll

AU - Miura, M.

AU - Moriyama, S.

AU - Nakahata, M.

AU - Nakajima, Y.

AU - Nakano, Y.

AU - Nakayama, S.

AU - Orii, A.

AU - Pronost, G.

AU - Sekiya, H.

AU - Shiozawa, M.

AU - Sonoda, Y.

AU - Takeda, A.

AU - Takenaka, A.

AU - Tanaka, H.

AU - Tasaka, S.

AU - Yano, T.

AU - Akutsu, R.

AU - Kajita, T.

AU - Nishimura, Yasuhiro

AU - Okumura, K.

AU - Tsui, K. M.

AU - Labarga, L.

AU - Fernandez, P.

AU - Blaszczyk, F. D.M.

AU - Kachulis, C.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Raaf, J. L.

AU - Stone, J. L.

AU - Sulak, L. R.

AU - Berkman, S.

AU - Tobayama, S.

AU - Bian, J.

AU - Elnimr, M.

AU - Kropp, W. R.

AU - Locke, S.

AU - Mine, S.

AU - Weatherly, P.

AU - Smy, M. B.

AU - Sobel, H. W.

AU - Takhistov, V.

AU - Ganezer, K. S.

AU - Hill, J.

AU - Kim, J. Y.

AU - Lim, I. T.

AU - Park, R. G.

AU - Li, Z.

AU - O'Sullivan, E.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Gonin, M.

AU - Imber, J.

AU - Mueller, Th A.

AU - Ishizuka, T.

AU - Nakamura, T.

AU - Jang, J. S.

AU - Choi, K.

AU - Learned, J. G.

AU - Matsuno, S.

AU - Amey, J.

AU - Litchfield, R. P.

AU - Ma, W. Y.

AU - Uchida, Y.

AU - Wascko, M. O.

AU - Catanesi, M. G.

AU - Intonti, R. A.

AU - Radicioni, E.

AU - Rosa, G. De

AU - Ali, A.

AU - Collazuol, G.

AU - Ludovici, L.

AU - Cao, S.

AU - Friend, M.

AU - Hasegawa, T.

AU - Ishida, T.

AU - Ishii, T.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Nakadaira, T.

AU - Nakamura, K.

AU - Oyama, Y.

AU - Sakashita, K.

AU - Sekiguchi, T.

AU - Tsukamoto, T.

AU - Abe, K. E.

AU - Hasegawa, M.

AU - Suzuki, A. T.

AU - Takeuchi, Y.

AU - Hayashino, T.

AU - Hirota, S.

AU - Jiang, M.

AU - Mori, M.

AU - Nakamura, K. E.

AU - Nakaya, T.

AU - Wendell, R. A.

AU - Anthony, L. H.V.

AU - McCauley, N.

AU - Pritchard, A.

AU - Fukuda, Y.

AU - Itow, Y.

AU - Murase, M.

AU - Muto, F.

AU - Mijakowski, P.

AU - Frankiewicz, K.

AU - Jung, C. K.

AU - Li, X.

AU - Palomino, J. L.

AU - Santucci, G.

AU - Viela, C.

AU - Wilking, M. J.

AU - Yanagisawa, C.

AU - Fukuda, D.

AU - Ishino, H.

AU - Ito, S.

AU - Kibayashi, A.

AU - Koshio, Y.

AU - Nagata, H.

AU - Sakuda, M.

AU - Xu, C.

AU - Kuno, Y.

AU - Wark, D.

AU - Lodovico, F. Di

AU - Richards, B.

AU - Sedgwick, S. Molina

AU - Tacik, R.

AU - Kim, S. B.

AU - Cole, A.

AU - Thompson, L.

AU - Okazawa, H.

AU - Choi, Y.

AU - Ito, K.

AU - Nishijima, K.

AU - Koshiba, M.

AU - Suda, Y.

AU - Yokoyama, M.

AU - Calland, R. G.

AU - Hartz, M.

AU - Martens, K.

AU - Murdoch, M.

AU - Quilain, B.

AU - Simpson, C.

AU - Suzuki, Y.

AU - Vagins, M. R.

AU - Hamabe, D.

AU - Kuze, M.

AU - Okajima, Y.

AU - Yoshida, T.

AU - Ishitsuka, M.

AU - Martin, J. F.

AU - Nantais, C. M.

AU - Tanaka, H. A.

AU - Towstego, T.

AU - Konaka, A.

AU - Chen, S.

AU - Wan, L.

AU - Minamino, A.

PY - 2018/4/10

Y1 - 2018/4/10

N2 - We report the results of a neutrino search in Super-Kamiokande (SK) for coincident signals with the first detected gravitational wave (GW) produced by a binary neutron-star merger, GW170817, which was followed by a short gamma-ray burst, GRB170817A, and a kilonova/macronova. We searched for coincident neutrino events in the range from 3.5 MeV to ∼100 PeV, in a time window ±500 s around the gravitational wave detection time, as well as during a 14-day period after the detection. No significant neutrino signal was observed for either time window. We calculated 90% confidence level upper limits on the neutrino fluence for GW170817. From the upward-going-muon events in the energy region above 1.6 GeV, the neutrino fluence limit is () cm -2 for muon neutrinos (muon antineutrinos), with an error range of ±5around the zenith angle of NGC4993, and the energy spectrum is under the assumption of an index of-2. The fluence limit for neutrino energies less than 100 MeV, for which the emission mechanism would be different than for higher-energy neutrinos, is also calculated. It is 6.6 × 10 7 cm -2 for anti-electron neutrinos under the assumption of a Fermi-Dirac spectrum with average energy of 20 MeV.

AB - We report the results of a neutrino search in Super-Kamiokande (SK) for coincident signals with the first detected gravitational wave (GW) produced by a binary neutron-star merger, GW170817, which was followed by a short gamma-ray burst, GRB170817A, and a kilonova/macronova. We searched for coincident neutrino events in the range from 3.5 MeV to ∼100 PeV, in a time window ±500 s around the gravitational wave detection time, as well as during a 14-day period after the detection. No significant neutrino signal was observed for either time window. We calculated 90% confidence level upper limits on the neutrino fluence for GW170817. From the upward-going-muon events in the energy region above 1.6 GeV, the neutrino fluence limit is () cm -2 for muon neutrinos (muon antineutrinos), with an error range of ±5around the zenith angle of NGC4993, and the energy spectrum is under the assumption of an index of-2. The fluence limit for neutrino energies less than 100 MeV, for which the emission mechanism would be different than for higher-energy neutrinos, is also calculated. It is 6.6 × 10 7 cm -2 for anti-electron neutrinos under the assumption of a Fermi-Dirac spectrum with average energy of 20 MeV.

KW - astroparticle physics

KW - gravitational waves

KW - neutrinos

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045853820&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045853820&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/2041-8213/aabaca

DO - 10.3847/2041-8213/aabaca

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85045853820

VL - 857

JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

SN - 2041-8205

IS - 1

M1 - L4

ER -