Seasonal trends of atmospheric PAHs in five asian megacities and source detection using suitable biomarkers

Mahua Saha, Dusmant Maharana, Rina Kurumisawa, Hideshige Takada, Bee Geok Yeo, Andrea C. Rodrigues, Badal Bhattacharya, Hidetoshi Kumata, Tomoaki Okuda, Kebin He, Yongliang Ma, Fumiyuki Nakajima, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria, Duong Hoang Giang, Pham Hung Viet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The most prevalent pollutant, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is now plenteously distributed in the global atmosphere. We recently quantified 36 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with aerosols (particulate matter: PM) in five Asian cities: Tokyo (Japan), Beijing (China), Kolkata (India), Hanoi (Vietnam), and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia). Average atmospheric PAH concentrations (∑12 PAHs-ng m–3) increased in the order of Kuala Lumpur (2.99) ≈ Tokyo (3.95) < Hanoi (7.99) << Kolkata (63.5) << Beijing (142.8). The most abundant PAHs in PM samples in these cities were chrysene, benz[a]anthracene, benzofluoranthenes, benzo[a]pyrene, and benzo[e]pyrene. We used the PAH compositions, especially the relative abundances of alkylated PAHs, and hopanes to determine vehicle exhaust-derived PAHs, and levoglucosan as a tracer for biomass burning, especially from wood combustion. Vehicle exhaust contributed to atmospheric PAHs in all cities, indicated by higher ratios of (C3017α)/total PAHs and MPAHs/PAHs than coal and wood combustion products. Coal combustion contributed also in winter aerosols in Beijing, indicated by higher abundance of β isomers i.e., 17β21β (H)-C30hopane (C3017β) and 17β21β (H)-C29hopane (C2917β) signifying mass use of coal for heating. The ratio of levoglucosan/PAHs was high in Kuala Lumpur and Hanoi, suggesting greater inputs of PAHs from biomass burning there.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2247-2262
Number of pages16
JournalAerosol and Air Quality Research
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 1

Fingerprint

megacity
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Biomarkers
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
biomarker
PAH
Coal
Pyrene
biomass burning
Aerosols
pyrene
trend
detection
Wood
Biomass
combustion
coal
aerosol
Particulate Matter
Coal combustion

Keywords

  • Aerosol
  • Biomarkers
  • Coal combustion
  • Hopanes
  • Levoglucosan
  • PM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Saha, M., Maharana, D., Kurumisawa, R., Takada, H., Yeo, B. G., Rodrigues, A. C., ... Viet, P. H. (2017). Seasonal trends of atmospheric PAHs in five asian megacities and source detection using suitable biomarkers. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 17(9), 2247-2262. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.05.0163

Seasonal trends of atmospheric PAHs in five asian megacities and source detection using suitable biomarkers. / Saha, Mahua; Maharana, Dusmant; Kurumisawa, Rina; Takada, Hideshige; Yeo, Bee Geok; Rodrigues, Andrea C.; Bhattacharya, Badal; Kumata, Hidetoshi; Okuda, Tomoaki; He, Kebin; Ma, Yongliang; Nakajima, Fumiyuki; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi; Giang, Duong Hoang; Viet, Pham Hung.

In: Aerosol and Air Quality Research, Vol. 17, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 2247-2262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saha, M, Maharana, D, Kurumisawa, R, Takada, H, Yeo, BG, Rodrigues, AC, Bhattacharya, B, Kumata, H, Okuda, T, He, K, Ma, Y, Nakajima, F, Zakaria, MP, Giang, DH & Viet, PH 2017, 'Seasonal trends of atmospheric PAHs in five asian megacities and source detection using suitable biomarkers', Aerosol and Air Quality Research, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 2247-2262. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.05.0163
Saha, Mahua ; Maharana, Dusmant ; Kurumisawa, Rina ; Takada, Hideshige ; Yeo, Bee Geok ; Rodrigues, Andrea C. ; Bhattacharya, Badal ; Kumata, Hidetoshi ; Okuda, Tomoaki ; He, Kebin ; Ma, Yongliang ; Nakajima, Fumiyuki ; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi ; Giang, Duong Hoang ; Viet, Pham Hung. / Seasonal trends of atmospheric PAHs in five asian megacities and source detection using suitable biomarkers. In: Aerosol and Air Quality Research. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 9. pp. 2247-2262.
@article{3c0e2e075cc743a5920dd9a3141f716e,
title = "Seasonal trends of atmospheric PAHs in five asian megacities and source detection using suitable biomarkers",
abstract = "The most prevalent pollutant, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is now plenteously distributed in the global atmosphere. We recently quantified 36 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with aerosols (particulate matter: PM) in five Asian cities: Tokyo (Japan), Beijing (China), Kolkata (India), Hanoi (Vietnam), and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia). Average atmospheric PAH concentrations (∑12 PAHs-ng m–3) increased in the order of Kuala Lumpur (2.99) ≈ Tokyo (3.95) < Hanoi (7.99) << Kolkata (63.5) << Beijing (142.8). The most abundant PAHs in PM samples in these cities were chrysene, benz[a]anthracene, benzofluoranthenes, benzo[a]pyrene, and benzo[e]pyrene. We used the PAH compositions, especially the relative abundances of alkylated PAHs, and hopanes to determine vehicle exhaust-derived PAHs, and levoglucosan as a tracer for biomass burning, especially from wood combustion. Vehicle exhaust contributed to atmospheric PAHs in all cities, indicated by higher ratios of (C3017α)/total PAHs and MPAHs/PAHs than coal and wood combustion products. Coal combustion contributed also in winter aerosols in Beijing, indicated by higher abundance of β isomers i.e., 17β21β (H)-C30hopane (C3017β) and 17β21β (H)-C29hopane (C2917β) signifying mass use of coal for heating. The ratio of levoglucosan/PAHs was high in Kuala Lumpur and Hanoi, suggesting greater inputs of PAHs from biomass burning there.",
keywords = "Aerosol, Biomarkers, Coal combustion, Hopanes, Levoglucosan, PM",
author = "Mahua Saha and Dusmant Maharana and Rina Kurumisawa and Hideshige Takada and Yeo, {Bee Geok} and Rodrigues, {Andrea C.} and Badal Bhattacharya and Hidetoshi Kumata and Tomoaki Okuda and Kebin He and Yongliang Ma and Fumiyuki Nakajima and Zakaria, {Mohamad Pauzi} and Giang, {Duong Hoang} and Viet, {Pham Hung}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4209/aaqr.2017.05.0163",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "2247--2262",
journal = "Aerosol and Air Quality Research",
issn = "1680-8584",
publisher = "AAGR Aerosol and Air Quality Research",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonal trends of atmospheric PAHs in five asian megacities and source detection using suitable biomarkers

AU - Saha, Mahua

AU - Maharana, Dusmant

AU - Kurumisawa, Rina

AU - Takada, Hideshige

AU - Yeo, Bee Geok

AU - Rodrigues, Andrea C.

AU - Bhattacharya, Badal

AU - Kumata, Hidetoshi

AU - Okuda, Tomoaki

AU - He, Kebin

AU - Ma, Yongliang

AU - Nakajima, Fumiyuki

AU - Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi

AU - Giang, Duong Hoang

AU - Viet, Pham Hung

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - The most prevalent pollutant, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is now plenteously distributed in the global atmosphere. We recently quantified 36 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with aerosols (particulate matter: PM) in five Asian cities: Tokyo (Japan), Beijing (China), Kolkata (India), Hanoi (Vietnam), and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia). Average atmospheric PAH concentrations (∑12 PAHs-ng m–3) increased in the order of Kuala Lumpur (2.99) ≈ Tokyo (3.95) < Hanoi (7.99) << Kolkata (63.5) << Beijing (142.8). The most abundant PAHs in PM samples in these cities were chrysene, benz[a]anthracene, benzofluoranthenes, benzo[a]pyrene, and benzo[e]pyrene. We used the PAH compositions, especially the relative abundances of alkylated PAHs, and hopanes to determine vehicle exhaust-derived PAHs, and levoglucosan as a tracer for biomass burning, especially from wood combustion. Vehicle exhaust contributed to atmospheric PAHs in all cities, indicated by higher ratios of (C3017α)/total PAHs and MPAHs/PAHs than coal and wood combustion products. Coal combustion contributed also in winter aerosols in Beijing, indicated by higher abundance of β isomers i.e., 17β21β (H)-C30hopane (C3017β) and 17β21β (H)-C29hopane (C2917β) signifying mass use of coal for heating. The ratio of levoglucosan/PAHs was high in Kuala Lumpur and Hanoi, suggesting greater inputs of PAHs from biomass burning there.

AB - The most prevalent pollutant, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is now plenteously distributed in the global atmosphere. We recently quantified 36 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with aerosols (particulate matter: PM) in five Asian cities: Tokyo (Japan), Beijing (China), Kolkata (India), Hanoi (Vietnam), and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia). Average atmospheric PAH concentrations (∑12 PAHs-ng m–3) increased in the order of Kuala Lumpur (2.99) ≈ Tokyo (3.95) < Hanoi (7.99) << Kolkata (63.5) << Beijing (142.8). The most abundant PAHs in PM samples in these cities were chrysene, benz[a]anthracene, benzofluoranthenes, benzo[a]pyrene, and benzo[e]pyrene. We used the PAH compositions, especially the relative abundances of alkylated PAHs, and hopanes to determine vehicle exhaust-derived PAHs, and levoglucosan as a tracer for biomass burning, especially from wood combustion. Vehicle exhaust contributed to atmospheric PAHs in all cities, indicated by higher ratios of (C3017α)/total PAHs and MPAHs/PAHs than coal and wood combustion products. Coal combustion contributed also in winter aerosols in Beijing, indicated by higher abundance of β isomers i.e., 17β21β (H)-C30hopane (C3017β) and 17β21β (H)-C29hopane (C2917β) signifying mass use of coal for heating. The ratio of levoglucosan/PAHs was high in Kuala Lumpur and Hanoi, suggesting greater inputs of PAHs from biomass burning there.

KW - Aerosol

KW - Biomarkers

KW - Coal combustion

KW - Hopanes

KW - Levoglucosan

KW - PM

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85029219205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85029219205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4209/aaqr.2017.05.0163

DO - 10.4209/aaqr.2017.05.0163

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85029219205

VL - 17

SP - 2247

EP - 2262

JO - Aerosol and Air Quality Research

JF - Aerosol and Air Quality Research

SN - 1680-8584

IS - 9

ER -