Selection of human ovarian carcinoma cells with high dissemination potential by repeated passage of the cells in vivo into nude mice, and involvement of Le(x)-determinant in the dissemination potential

Kazushige Kiguchi, Masao Iwamori, Yukari Mochizuki, Takeshi Kishikawa, Katsumi Tsukazaki, Masahiko Saga, Akira Amemiya, Shiro Nozawa

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Cells of the human tumor cell line RMG-1, derived from a clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary, were injected intraperitoneally into nude mice, and the cells obtained from the tumor nodules in the mesenterium were found to form a larger number of, and larger-sized, tumor nodules than the original RMG-1 cells. The RMG-1-h cells, transferred into culture from the tumor nodules after a 4 th in vivo passage, showed a dissemination potential as high as that of cells disseminating directly from the tissues, and exceedingly higher than that of RMG-1 cells. To assess the molecular bases of the different biological properties of RMG-1 and RMG-1-h cells, we compared the content and expression of various carbohydrate antigens in both cells. The chromosomal profile of RMG-1-h cells revealed their human origin and was identical to that of the original RMG-1 cells. In contrast to the broad histogram for the Le(x)-bearing cells among RMG-1 cells in flow cytometry, the weakly and moderately positive cells toward anti-Le(x) antibody were found to be eliminated from the histogram for the RMG-1-h cells, resulting in the enrichment of cells strongly expressing Le(x), which may account for the high dissemination potential. In addition, the adhesion of RMG-1 cells to mesothelial cells was found to be significantly inhibited by pretreatment of the cells with anti-Le(x) antibody, indicating Le(x)-mediated cell-to-cell interaction between ovarian cancer cells and mesothelial cells. By TLC-immunostaining, two Le(x)-glycolipids, III3Fucα-nLc4Cer and V3Fucα-nLc6Cer were detected in both RMG-1 and RMG-1-h cells, and their total concentrations were not significantly different from each other. However, the hydrophobic moieties of Le(x)-glycolipids in RMG-1-h cells were different from those in RMG-1 cells, suggesting that a difference in the structure of the hydrophobic moieties of Le(x) is partly involved in the enhanced reactivity of RMG-1-h cells toward anti-Le(x) antibody. Thus, the high dissemination potential of ovarian cancer cells was shown to be mediated by the Le(x)-determinant and the Le(x)-bearing cells are enriched by repeated in vivo passage of the cells into nude mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-932
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Cancer Research
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Sep



  • Cell adhesion
  • Flow cytometry
  • Glycolipid
  • TLC-immunostaining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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