Selective downregulation of neutrophils by a phosphatidic acid generation inhibitor in a porcine sepsis model

Yoshio Oka, Naoki Hasegawa, Mitsuo Nakayama, Gloria A. Murphy, Howard H. Sussman, Thomas A. Raffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of lisofylline (1-(5-R-hydroxyhexyl)-3,7-dimethylxanthine), a functional inhibitor of phosphatidic acid (PA) generation derived from de novo synthesis, on neutrophil function were examined in a porcine sepsis model. Hanford minipigs (18-25 kg) were randomly separated into six groups of six animals each: (1) saline control group; (2) sepsis control group, infused with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1 x 106 colony-forming units/kg/min) for 2 h; (3) lisofylline control group, given a 25 mg/kg bolus of lisofylline 30 min prior to time zero, followed by a continuous infusion of 10 mg/kg/h throughout the study; (4) lisofylline pretreatment sepsis group, given lisofylline 30 min prior to sepsis, (5) lisofylline 1-h post-treatment sepsis group, and (6) lisofylline 2-h posttreatment sepsis group. All animals were studied for 6 h. Neutrophils were isolated at -0.5, 2, and 6 h. In the pretreatment and 1-h post-treatment groups, sepsis-induced neutrophil attachment to fibronectin was significantly attenuated. Sepsis-enhanced phagocytic activity was significantly reduced in the lisofylline pretreatment sepsis group, but not in the post-treatment groups. No treatment affected phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced chemiluminescence and basal filamentous actin content, which increased in sepsis, and cap formation, which declined in sepsis. Sepsis caused neutropenia, pretreatment produced neutrophilia, and 1-h post-treatment caused the neutropenia to recover to control levels. Interestingly, toward the end of the 6-h period, the neutrophil count was higher in the lisofylline control group than in the saline control groups. Thus, the inhibition of PA generation from de novo synthesis during sepsis not only can selectively downregulate some neutrophil functions but can also reverse neutropenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

lisofylline
Phosphatidic Acids
Sepsis
Neutrophils
Swine
Down-Regulation
Control Groups
Neutropenia
Miniature Swine

Keywords

  • Lisofylline
  • Neutrophil
  • Phosphatidic acid
  • Sepsis
  • Signaling pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Selective downregulation of neutrophils by a phosphatidic acid generation inhibitor in a porcine sepsis model. / Oka, Yoshio; Hasegawa, Naoki; Nakayama, Mitsuo; Murphy, Gloria A.; Sussman, Howard H.; Raffin, Thomas A.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 81, No. 2, 02.1999, p. 147-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oka, Yoshio ; Hasegawa, Naoki ; Nakayama, Mitsuo ; Murphy, Gloria A. ; Sussman, Howard H. ; Raffin, Thomas A. / Selective downregulation of neutrophils by a phosphatidic acid generation inhibitor in a porcine sepsis model. In: Journal of Surgical Research. 1999 ; Vol. 81, No. 2. pp. 147-155.
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