Mice that lack the p85α regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (P13K) are deficient in gastrointestinal and peritoneal mast cells but have dermal mast cells. Accordingly, these mice show impaired bacterial clearance in response to acute septic peritonitis and are highly susceptible to infection by the intestinal nematode Strongyloides venezuelensis. Systemic anaphylactic shock responses, however, are intact. We found that although reconstitution of P13K−/− mice with bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) restored anti-bacterial immunity, only T helper type 2 (TH2)-conditioned BMMCs, not "standard" BMMCs, were able to restore anti-nematode immunity. This finding highlights the importance of the TH2 response in the control of nematode infection. Thus, P13K likely plays an essential role in host immune responses by regulating both the development and induction of mast cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy