Self-acting optimal design of spindle speed variation for regenerative chatter suppression based on novel analysis of internal process energy behavior

Shuntaro Yamato, Takamichi Ito, Hirohiko Matsuzaki, Jun Fujita, Yasuhiro Kakinuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Spindle speed variation (SSV) is a well-known effective and flexible technique to suppress chatter vibration by disrupting regenerative effect. In most research, the SSV is properly designed by a large number of complex stability simulations including identification of machine dynamics with time consumption or costly experiments while varying design parameters; hence, this approach cannot be on-line or integrable in the machine tools for autonomous self-suppression of chatter vibration. This paper presents a programmable optimal design methodology for sinusoidal spindle speed variation (SSSV), which only requires measuring the chatter frequency and can incorporate the machine constraints into the design procedure. The design concept is based on the minimization of kinematic internal process energy balance during SSSV cycle for efficient chatter energy dissipation. For this purpose, the modulation index, which is originally defined for frequency modulation (FM) technology in radio communication engineering, is introduced into SSSV as a novel index. The novel design criteria in terms of SSSV frequency are also proposed for robust chatter suppression without a momentary destabilization during SSSV cycle, called as beat vibration. A series of time-domain SSSV simulation and boring tests are carried out in depth for verification. It can be concluded that, the parameter candidates suggested by the proposed design procedure can optimally dissipate the chatter with little beat vibration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103639
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Volume159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Chatter suppression
  • Modulation index
  • Optimal design
  • Self-optimizing machining system
  • Spindle speed variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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