Self-consistent treatment of the sheath boundary conditions by introducing anisotropic ion temperatures and virtual divertor model

Satoshi Togo, Tomonori Takizuka, Makoto Nakamura, Kazuo Hoshino, Kenzo Ibano, Tee Long Lang, Yuichi Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


One-dimensional SOL-divertor plasma fluid simulation code which considers anisotropy of ion temperature has been developed so as to deal with sheath theory self-consistently. In our fluid modeling, explicit use of boundary condition for Mach number M at divertor plate, e.g., M=1, becomes unnecessary. In order to deal with the Bohm condition and the sheath heat transmission factors at divertor plate self-consistently, we introduced a virtual divertor (VD) model which sets an artificial region beyond divertor plates and artificial sinks for particle, momentum and energy there to model the effects of the sheath region in front of the divertor plate. Validity of our fluid model with VD model is confirmed by showing that simulation results agree well with those from a kinetic code regarding the Bohm condition, ion temperature anisotropy and supersonic flow. We also show that the strength of artificial sinks in VD region does not affect profiles in plasma region at least in the steady state and that sheath heat transmission factors can be adjusted to theoretical values by VD model. Validity of viscous flux is also investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-126
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Anisotropic ion temperature
  • Fluid modeling
  • Sheath boundary condition
  • SOL-divertor plasma
  • Virtual divertor model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications

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