The electronic states of open-shell stilbene diradicals were studied. Previously used semiempirical MO-CI methods were applied to stilbenes having dimethylene, dioxyl, and dinitroxide centers in o,o′-, o,m′-, o,p′-, m,m′-, m,p′-, and p,p′-substitution patterns, and the various singlet-triplet energy gaps were computed to predict qualitative ground state spin multiplicities. Singlet and triplet spin states were essentially degenerate in the m,m′-isomers of disjoint connectivity, while nondisjoint o,m′- and m,p′-isomers had triplet computed ground states. Nitroxide-based diradicals showed considerably smaller computational exchange coupling energies than did other diradical models studied. As a tests of these computations, stilbenes with two N-tert-butyl nitroxide groups at the o,m′-, m,m′-, and m,p′-positions were prepared, and their magnetic properties were studied by ESR and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The m,m′- and m,p′-isomers were found experimentally to have singlet and triplet ground states, respectively, in accord with the qualitative computed predictions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry