Separation of water-alcohol mixtures using carbon nanotubes under an electric field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising candidate for separation membranes because of their ability to transport substances at very high flow rates. However, there is a tradeoff between achieving a high selectivity using small pore sizes and the reduction of water flux. Here, using molecular dynamics simulations, we report that CNTs can effectively separate water-methanol mixtures under an electric field. Without an electric field and under piston pressure, both water and methanol flow through a CNT, resulting in no separation effect. In contrast, under an electric field and high piston pressure, CNTs allow selective water permeation while rejecting the permeation of methanol molecules. This separation effect is caused by the ordered structures of water molecules in the CNT. A high filtering effect is observed under the conditions of high methanol concentration in the solution or even with large-diameter CNTs up to 3.39 nm. As long as the ordered structure of water in the CNTs can be maintained, the strong filtering effect can be maintained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15431-15438
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume21
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Carbon Nanotubes
alcohols
carbon nanotubes
Electric fields
Alcohols
electric fields
Water
Methanol
water
methyl alcohol
pistons
Permeation
Pistons
Molecules
water flow
tradeoffs
Pore size
Molecular dynamics
molecules
flow velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Separation of water-alcohol mixtures using carbon nanotubes under an electric field. / Winarto, W.; Yamamoto, Eiji; Yasuoka, Kenji.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, No. 28, 01.01.2019, p. 15431-15438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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