A sensitive method for sequential determination of V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo and Sb in sea water using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) after electrothermal vaporization of their dithiocarbamate complexes in methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) has been investigated. All analyte elements were simultaneously concentrated 20 fold in a single extract and introduced into the plasma using a graphite rod electrothermal vaporizer (ETV). A sensitivity enhancement due to a chemical modification using a mixed modifier of palladium nitrate and magnesium nitrate was observed for all analyte elements. The limits of detection of the method ranged from 2 ng l-1 for Co to 329 ng l-1 for V. For the replicate determinations of the analyte elements in a sea water sample, the repeatability was within 10% (as a coefficient variation), except for V (12.8%). The recovery test performed on a sea water sample resulted in values ranging from 87% for Sb to 119% for V. With the exception of Mo, the application of this method for the determination of the analyte elements in sea water samples collected from the surface to the depth of 5000 m at the sampling station of 34°12.08'N, 141°57.50'E (Oct. 12, 1994) in the northwest Pacific Ocean resulted in vertical distributions and concentration ranges which were in a good agreement with those reported in literatures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law