Serotonin induces the increase in intracellular Ca2+ that enhances neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells via activation of 5-HT3 receptors and voltage-gated calcium channels

Kohei Homma, Yoshiichiro Kitamura, Hiroto Ogawa, Kotaro Oka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator, serotonin (5-HT) influences neuronal outgrowth in the nervous systems of several species. In PC12 cells, 5-HT is known to have neuritogenic effects, although the signal transduction pathway responsible for these effects is not understood. In this study, we hypothesized that a 5-HT-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]1) could be involved in mediating the effects of 5-HT. Application of 5-HT to PC12 cells enhanced nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth in a dose-dependent manner, and the sensitivity of this neuritogenic effect was increased in differentiated PC12 cells. In accordance, an increase in [Ca2+]i was observed following application of 5-HT in differentiated PC12 cells. This increase was amplified by further NGF treatment. 5-HT-induced increases in [Ca2+], were inhibited by MDL 72222, a selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, and nifedipine, an L-type calcium channel blocker, but not by ketanserin, a 5-HT2 receptor antagonist, or thapsigargin, a specific inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPaSe. These pharmacological tests indicated that 5-HT-induced increases in [Ca2+]i are mediated by activation of voltage-gated calcium channels via 5-HT3 receptors and that 5-HT-induced increases in [Ca2+]i are likely to be independent of activation of 5-HT2 receptors in PC12 cells. Furthermore, the neuritogenic effect of 5-HT was suppressed by MDL 72222, nifedipine, calmodulin (CaM) inhibitor, and calcineurin inhibitors. Taken together, our results indicate that 5-HT-induced increases in [Ca 2+]i, which are mediated via 5-HT3 receptors and L-type calcium channels in PC12 cells, and subsequent activation of CaM and calcineurin enhance NGF-induced neurite outgrowth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-325
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neuroscience research
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 1

Keywords

  • 5-HT receptor
  • Calcium
  • Neurite outgrowth
  • PC12 cells
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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