Serum total bilirubin concentration is negatively associated with increasing severity of retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Risa Sekioka, Masami Tanaka, Takeshi Nishimura, Hiroshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims Serum bilirubin concentration is associated with diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. This study investigated the relationships between serum bilirubin concentration and the severity of diabetic retinopathy. In addition, the importance of bilirubin was compared with factors that were previously shown to be associated with the incidence of diabetic retinopathy. Methods A total of 674 patients with type 2 diabetes were investigated in this cross-sectional study. Serum total bilirubin concentration was compared between patients with and without diabetic retinopathy, and according to the severity of retinopathy. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the association of retinopathy with total bilirubin concentration, duration of diabetes, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and haemoglobin A1c. Results Serum total bilirubin concentration was significantly lower in patients with retinopathy than in those without. Patients with severer retinopathy showed lower total bilirubin concentration, longer diabetes duration, and higher systolic blood pressure. These three parameters were independent explanatory factors for diabetic retinopathy. Conclusions Total bilirubin concentration is lower in patients with type 2 diabetes complicated with severer retinopathy. Thus, bilirubin might protect against retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-221
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Diabetes and its Complications
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Human
  • Hypertension
  • Total bilirubin
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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