Severe parkinsonism following endoscopic third ventriculostomy for non-communicating hydrocephalus

Takenori Akiyama, Yoshio Tanizaki, Kazunori Akaji, Kenji Hiraga, Takekazu Akiyama, Masaki Takao, Takayuki Ohira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 23-year-old male with non-communicating hydrocephalus caused by intraventricular hemorrhage from an arteriovenous malformation was treated by endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) after repeated ventricular cerebrospinal fluid drainage and removal of ventriculoperitoneal shunt due to infection. Postoperatively, the patient developed robust rigidity and akinesia with mutism, suggesting secondary parkinsonism. These symptoms showed marked improvement after administration of levodopa, and were not aggravated after discontinuation. The pathophysiology of this case might involve dysfunction of the dopaminergic system caused by repeated compression and release of the paraventricular white matter. Careful perioperative management not leading to excessive dilation of the the ventricles should be considered for ETV for non-communicating hydrocephalus to avoid this unexpected complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-63
Number of pages4
JournalNeurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 11

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Keywords

  • Endoscopic third ventriculostomy
  • Levodopa
  • Non-communicating hydrocephalus
  • Parkinsonism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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