Sharing genetic test results of germline pathogenic variants of hereditary cancer with relatives: A single-center cross-sectional study

Naomi Fukuzaki, Yoshimi Kiyozumi, Satomi Higashigawa, Yasue Horiuchi, Maki Mizuguchi, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Seiichiro Nishimura, Keita Mori, Akifumi Notsu, Izumi Suishu, Sumiko Ohnami, Masatoshi Kusuhara, Ken Yamaguchi, Ardith Z. Doorenbos, Yuko Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to determine whether Japanese cancer patients share test results of germline pathogenic variants of hereditary cancer with their relatives. Methods: This single-center cross-sectional study enrolled 21 Japanese patients who received results of germline pathogenic variants of hereditary cancer at least 6 months prior. Results: All patients shared their test results with at least one relative, with the following sharing rates: 85.7% for first-degree relatives, 10% for second-degree relatives and 8.3% for third-degree relatives. Patients most commonly shared the information with their children aged >18 years (86.7%), followed by their siblings (73.6%), spouses (64.7%) and parents (54.5%). Three categories were extracted from qualitative analysis: 'characteristics of my cancer', 'knowledge and caution about inheritability' and 'utilization of medical care.' Conclusions: The rate of test result sharing with first-degree relatives was comparable with those in Europe and the USA. Patients with germline pathogenic variants also tended to share their test results more with their children and siblings than with their parents. Informing their relatives of the results was suggestive of the motivation to influence their relatives' health outcome and contribute to the well-being of their children and siblings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1547-1553
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1

Keywords

  • family
  • genetic testing
  • germ-line mutation
  • hereditary
  • neoplastic syndromes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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