Short-term efficacy and safety of cataract surgery combined with iris-fixated phakic intraocular lens explantation: A multicentre study

Miki Kamikawatoko Omoto, Hidemasa Torii, Sachiko Masui, Masahiko Ayaki, Ikuko Toda, Hiroyuki Arai, Tomoaki Nakamura, Kazuo Tsubota, Kazuno Negishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of cataract surgery for patients with iris-fixated phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs). This study included 96 eyes of 91 patients. The changes in the logMAR uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), subjective spherical equivalent (SE), astigmatism, and endothelial cell density (ECD) were collected retrospectively. The intraoperative and postoperative complications also were investigated to assess the surgical safety. The preoperative UCVA and BCVA improved significantly at month 1 postoperatively, respectively (p <0.001 for both comparisons). The efficacy and safety index at month 1 postoperatively were 1.02 ± 0.56 and 1.31 ± 0.64, respectively. The SE at month 1 postoperatively was significantly (p <0.001) higher compared to preoperatively, whereas the subjective astigmatism did not differ significantly (p = 0.078). The ECD significantly decreased at month 1 (p < 0.001). The most common postoperative complication was intraocular pressure elevation exceeding 25 mmHg in 10.4% of eyes, which was controlled with medications in all cases until month 1 postoperatively. No intraoperative complications developed. Cataract surgeries for patients with iris-fixated pIOLs were performed safely with good visual outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3672
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug 2

Keywords

  • Cataract
  • Multicentre study
  • Phakic intraocular lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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