Significance of electrocardiographic right ventricular hypertrophy in patients with pulmonary hypertension with or without right ventricular systolic dysfunction

Toshiyuki Nagai, Shun Kohsaka, Mitsushige Murata, Shigeo Okuda, Toshihisa Anzai, Keiichi Fukuda, Toru Satoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective We sought to determine the value of electrocardiographic right ventricular hypertrophy (ECGRVH) in pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients with right ventricular systolic dysfunction defined by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR-RVSD). Patients A total of 31 consecutive patients with PH with a mean pulmonary arterial pressure of >25 mmHg underwent both ECG and CMR studies. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of RVSD, defined as a RV ejection fraction <35%. Logistic regression modeling was performed to define the association between ECG-RVH and CMR-RVSD. Results About half of the patients had RVSD (n=15; 48%). The R to S wave ratio (p=0.01) or incidence of qR pattern (p=0.002) in lead V1 was significantly greater in patients with PH complicated by RVSD than in those without RVSD. These 2 patterns were significant predictors of RVSD [odds ratio (OR), 19.3 for qR; OR, 14.0 for R/S>1] and when each of these ECG findings was assigned with a point proportional to OR (score of 2 for qR in lead V1 and score of 1 for R/S>1 in lead V1), the incidence of RVSD increased by the total ECG score. Conclusion The combination of ECG-RVH findings, especially in lead V1, predicts the presence of RVSD defined by CMR. ECG might be a useful tool for estimating the presence of RVSD in patients with PH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2277-2283
Number of pages7
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume51
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 29

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Right ventricular dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this