Significant correlation between urinary N1, N12-diacetylspermine and tumor invasiveness in patients with clinical stage IA non-small cell lung cancer

Yusuke Takahashi, Hirotoshi Horio, Koji Sakaguchi, Kyoko Hiramatsu, Masao Kawakita

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: To select optimal candidates for limited lung resection, it is necessary to accurately differentiate the non-invasive tumors from other small-sized lung cancer. Urinary N1, N12-diacetylspermine (DiAcSpm) has been reported to be a useful tumor marker for various cancers. We aimed to examine the correlation between preoperative urinary DiAcSpm levels and specific clinicopathological characteristics such as the histological tumor invasiveness in patients with clinical stage IA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We defined non-invasive tumors as NSCLC showing no vascular invasion, lymphatic permeation, pleural invasion, or lymph node metastasis. Preoperative urine samples were obtained from 516 consecutive patients with NSCLC resected at our institution between April 2008 and January 2013. Urinary DiAcSpm values were determined for all preoperative urine samples using the colloid gold aggregation procedure. Among these patients, 171 patients with clinical stage IA NSCLC met the criteria of our study cohort. Finally, we investigated the correlation between non-invasive tumor and urinary DiAcSpm levels. Results: The median urine DiAcSpm for males was 147.2 nmol/g creatinine and 161.8 nmol/g creatinine in females. These median values were set as the cut-off values for each gender. Patients with higher urinary DiAcSpm levels frequently had significantly elevated serum CEA (p = 0.023) and greater lymph node metastasis (p = 0.048), lymphatic permeation (p = 0.046), and vascular invasion (p = 0.010). Compared with patients with non-invasive tumors, patients with invasive tumors had a tumor size >2.0 cm (p = 0.001), serum CEA >5.0 mg/dL (p < 0.001), high urinary DiAcSpm (p = 0.002), and a tumor disappearance rate (TDR) < 0.75 (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that a tumor size < 2.0 cm (RR = 2.901, 95% CI; 1.372-6.136, p = 0.005), high urinary DiAcSpm (RR = 3.374, 95% CI; 1.547-7.361, p = 0.002), and TDR < 0.75 (RR = 4.673, 95% CI; 2.178-10.027, p < 0.001) were independent predictors for invasive tumors. Conclusions: We successfully showed that there was a significant correlation between urinary DiAcSpm levels and pathological tumor invasiveness in patients with clinical stage IA NSCLC. Further research would elucidate the clinical usefulness of DiAcSpm levels as a predictor of tumor invasiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalBMC cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 18
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical stage IA
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Tumor invasiveness
  • Urine diacetylspermine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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