Inflammation has been shown to contribute to both tumor development and antitumor immunity. However, conditions determining these opposing effects are not well understood. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) has been shown to play an important role in regulating inflammation and tumor development. It has been reported that silencing of SOCS1 gene in dendritic cells potentiates antitumor immunity, while SOCS1-deficiency in whole organs except for T and B cells enhances inflammation-mediated colon tumor development. To determine which types of cells are important for the suppression of tumor development by SOCS1-deficiency, we employed the conditional knockout strategy. SOCS1 gene was deleted in macrophages and neutrophils by crossing SOCS1-flox/ flox mice with LysM-cre mice. Resulting conditional knockout (cKO) mice showed enhanced sensitivity to endotoxin shock. SOCS1-cKO mice survived much longer than wild-type mice after B16 melanoma transplantation. Colon carcinogenesis induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) plus dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was also reduced in SOCS1-cKO mice. SOCS1-deficiency in monocytic cells enhanced tumor-killing activity of macrophages and tumor-specific cytotoxic T cell activity. These results suggest that inflammation induced by SOCS1-deficiency in monocytes potentiates antitumor immune responses rather than tumor-promoting inflammation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research