Despite chemoradiotherapy being one of the most important modalities in advanced cervical cancer, there is a lack of both usable biomarkers to predict treatment outcome and of knowledge about the mechanism of refractoriness to the therapy. Here we identified a transcriptional factor Single-minded homolog 2 (SIM2) as an independent predictive biomarker for uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CvSCC). The retrospective study showed that high expression level of SIM2 was correlated to good survival in CvSCC patients. SIM2 knockdown in CvSCC cell lines showed resistance to hypoxia with increased expression of HIF1A and its target genes. Loss of SIM2 also caused growth promotion, resistance to ROS, and radiation in 3D culture. Furthermore, SIM2 knockdown suppressed tumor growth with increased HIF-1α expression and angiogenesis in vivo. On the other hand, SIM2 long isoform (SIM2l)-overexpressed cells had contrary results, indicating the long isoform plays a key role for maintenance of these phenotypes. These data indicated that SIM2l has a potential to be precision medicine for CvSCC patients and that anti-angiogenesis therapy might be usable for SIM2lLow poor survivors.
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