Simplified IPsec protocol stack for micro server

Nguyen Thanh Hoa, Kensuke Naoe, Yoshiyasu Takefuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a simple IPSec protocol stack for Micro Server. We proposed an implementation of IPSec protocol stack which is constructed by Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) protocol with Advanced Encryption Security (AES) encryption scheme, whereas authentication using MD5 algorithm is optional. Researchers have focused on creating a small system composed of sensors and a Micro Server where it has a small sized memory, multi-function, low cost, but without security consideration. The security problem in the Micro Server is a challenging task because of the very limited flash memory. Here, we have implemented the AES function as 2.704 Kbytes and the ESP protocol with this encryption function as 3.822Kbytes of code. Therefore, the proposed method has less than 4Kbytes in code size. Even including the authentication using MD5, the file size is less than 7Kbytes although this is still optional. In our proposed method, we have focused on implementing the encapsulation of the payload and ignored the key exchange procedure to simplify the secure communication compared to conventional IPSec protocol stack.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Network Security
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1


  • 8-bit micro-controller
  • IPSec
  • Micro server
  • Security
  • Sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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