Simulation of high-speed droplet impact against a dry/wet rigid wall for understanding the mechanism of liquid jet cleaning

Tomoki Kondo, Keita Ando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physical cleaning techniques are of great concern to remove particulate contamination because of their low environmental impact. One of the promising candidates is based on water jets that often involve fission into droplet fragments. Particle removal is believed to be achieved by droplet-impact-induced wall shear flow. Here, we simulate a high-speed droplet impact on a dry/wet rigid wall to investigate the wall shear flow as well as water hammer after the impact. The problem is modeled by the axisymmetric compressible Navier-Stokes equations and solved by a finite volume method that can capture both shocks and material interface. As an example, we consider the impact of a spherical water droplet (200 μm in diameter) at velocity from 30 to 50 m/s against a dry/wet rigid wall. In our simulation, we can reproduce both acoustic and hydrodynamic events. In the dry wall case, the strong wall shear appears near the moving contact line at the wetted surface. On the other hand, once the wall is covered with the liquid film, the wall shear stress gets weaker as the film thickness increases - a similar trend holds for the water-hammer shock loading at the wall. According to the simulated base flow, we compute hydrodynamic force acting on small particles that are assumed to be attached at the wall, in a one-way-coupling manner. The hydrodynamic force acting on the particles is estimated under Stokes' assumption and compared to particle adhesion of van der Waals type, enabling us to derive a simple criterion of the particle removal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013303
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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cleaning
high speed
liquids
simulation
water hammer
hydrodynamics
shear flow
shock
base flow
hydraulic jets
finite volume method
Navier-Stokes equation
particulates
shear stress
fission
electric contacts
contamination
adhesion
film thickness
fragments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Simulation of high-speed droplet impact against a dry/wet rigid wall for understanding the mechanism of liquid jet cleaning. / Kondo, Tomoki; Ando, Keita.

In: Physics of Fluids, Vol. 31, No. 1, 013303, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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