Single-particle excitations and effects of hetero-pairing fluctuations in a Bose–Fermi mixture with a Feshbach resonance

Digvijay Kharga, Daisuke Inotani, Ryo Hanai, Yoji Ohashi

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We theoretically investigate normal-state properties of a gas mixture of single-component bosons and fermions with a hetero-nuclear Feshbach resonance. Including strong hetero-pairing fluctuations associated with the Feshbach resonance, we calculate single-particle density of states, as well as the spectral weight at various interaction strengths. For this purpose, we employ an improved T-matrix approximation (TMA), where the bare Bose Green’s function in the non-selfconsistent TMA self-energy is modified so as to satisfy the Hugenholtz–Pines relation at the Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC) temperature TBEC. In the unitary regime at TBEC, we show that hetero-pairing fluctuations couple Fermi atomic excitations with Fermi molecular excitations, as well as with Bose atomic excitations. Although a similar coupling phenomenon by pairing fluctuations is known to give a pseudo-gapped density of states in the unitary regime of a two-component Fermi gas, such a dip structure is found to not appear even in the unitary limit of a Bose–Fermi mixture. It only appears in the strong-coupling regime. Instead, a spectral peak along the molecular dispersion appears in the spectral weight. We also clarify how this coupling phenomenon is seen in the Bose channel. Since a hetero-nuclear Feshbach resonance, as well as the formation of Bose–Fermi molecules, have been realized, our results would be useful for the study of strong-coupling properties of this unique quantum gas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number084301
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume86
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 15

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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