Single spin detection is a key objective in the field of metrology. There have been many experimental and theoretical investigations for the spin detection based on the use of probe spins. A probe spin shows the precession due to dipole-dipole interaction from a target spin, and measurement results of the probe spin allow us to estimate the state of the target spin. Here, we investigate performance of single-spin detection when using an ensemble of probe spins. Even though the ensemble of probe spins inevitably induces projection noise that could hinder the signal from the target spin, optimization of the configuration of the spin ensemble improves the sensitivity such that enhancement of the signal can be much larger than the projection noise. The probe-spin ensemble is especially useful at a large distance from the target spin, where it is difficult for a single spin to read out the target spin within a reasonable repetition time. Our results pave the way for a new strategy to realize efficient single-spin detections.
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Jul 31|
ASJC Scopus subject areas