Singularity escape of satellite with control moment gyros using path planning of angular momentum

Shunsuke Sato, Masaki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent years, it has been required accurate and agile attitude control of satellites. For this purpose, the necessity of Control Moment Gyros (CMGs) has been increasing, which can generate much higher torque than Reaction Wheel which is used for a conventional spacecraft actuator. CMGs have singularity problem that they cannot output a desired torque. Several singularity avoidance methods have been proposed, but they can fail to output the desired torque through the mission because of their singularity avoidance action. In this paper, we focus on singularity and CMGs' angular momentum and propose a singularity avoidance method by planning path in angular momentum space. Because output torque from CMGs depends on path of angular momentum, we plan the angular momentum path that avoids singularity and its length is short as possible by application of A* algorithm. It is shown from the simulations that the proposed method can realize desired output torque and assured singularity avoidance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1526-1539
Number of pages14
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume79
Issue number801
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Angular momentum
Motion planning
Torque
Satellites
Attitude control
Spacecraft
Wheels
Actuators

Keywords

  • Actuator
  • Attitude control
  • Control moment gyros
  • Path planning
  • Satellite
  • Singularity avoidance
  • Space engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Recent years, it has been required accurate and agile attitude control of satellites. For this purpose, the necessity of Control Moment Gyros (CMGs) has been increasing, which can generate much higher torque than Reaction Wheel which is used for a conventional spacecraft actuator. CMGs have singularity problem that they cannot output a desired torque. Several singularity avoidance methods have been proposed, but they can fail to output the desired torque through the mission because of their singularity avoidance action. In this paper, we focus on singularity and CMGs' angular momentum and propose a singularity avoidance method by planning path in angular momentum space. Because output torque from CMGs depends on path of angular momentum, we plan the angular momentum path that avoids singularity and its length is short as possible by application of A* algorithm. It is shown from the simulations that the proposed method can realize desired output torque and assured singularity avoidance.",
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