Sirt1 counteracts decrease in membrane phospholipid unsaturation and diastolic dysfunction during saturated fatty acid overload

Tsunehisa Yamamoto, Jin Endo, Masaharu Kataoka, Tomohiro Matsuhashi, Yoshinori Katsumata, Kohsuke Shirakawa, Naohiro Yoshida, Sarasa Isobe, Hidenori Moriyama, Shinichi Goto, Kaoru Yamashita, Takayo Ohto-Nakanishi, Hiroki Nakanishi, Yuta Shimanaka, Nozomu Kono, Ken Shinmura, Hiroyuki Arai, Keiichi Fukuda, Motoaki Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: The fatty acid (FA)composition of membrane phospholipid reflects at least in part dietary fat composition. Saturated FA (SFA)suppress Sirt1 activity, while monounsaturated FA (MUFA)counteract this effect. Objective: We explored a role of Sirt1 in homeostatic control of the fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipid in the presence of SFA overload. Methods and results: Sirt1 deficiency in cardiomyocytes decreased the expression levels of liver X receptor (LXR)-target genes, particularly stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (Scd1), a rate-limiting enzyme in the cellular synthesis of MUFA from SFA, increased membrane SFA/MUFA ratio, and worsened left ventricular (LV)diastolic function in mice fed an SFA-rich high fat diet. In cultured cardiomyocytes, Sirt1 knockdown (KD)exacerbated the palmitate overload-induced increase in membrane SFA/MUFA ratio, which was associated with decrease in the expression of LXR-target genes, including Scd1. Forced overexpression of Scd1 in palmitate-overloaded Sirt1KD cardiomyocytes lowered the SFA/MUFA ratio. Nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN)increased Sirt1 activity and Scd1 expression, thereby lowering membrane SFA/MUFA ratio in palmitate-overloaded cardiomyocytes. These effects of NMN were not observed for Scd1KD cardiomyocytes. LXRα/βKD exacerbated palmitate overload-induced increase in membrane SFA/MUFA ratio, while LXR agonist T0901317 alleviated it. NMN failed to rescue Scd1 protein expression and membrane SFA/MUFA ratio in palmitate-overloaded LXRα/βKD cardiomyocytes. The administration of NMN or T0901317 showed a dramatic reversal in membrane SFA/MUFA ratio and LV diastolic function in SFA-rich HFD-fed mice. Conclusion: Cardiac Sirt1 counteracted SFA overload-induced decrease in membrane phospholipid unsaturation and diastolic dysfunction via regulating LXR-mediated transcription of the Scd1 gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Diastolic dysfunction
  • Membrane fatty acid composition
  • Saturated fatty acid
  • Sirt1
  • Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Yamamoto, T., Endo, J., Kataoka, M., Matsuhashi, T., Katsumata, Y., Shirakawa, K., Yoshida, N., Isobe, S., Moriyama, H., Goto, S., Yamashita, K., Ohto-Nakanishi, T., Nakanishi, H., Shimanaka, Y., Kono, N., Shinmura, K., Arai, H., Fukuda, K., & Sano, M. (2019). Sirt1 counteracts decrease in membrane phospholipid unsaturation and diastolic dysfunction during saturated fatty acid overload. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 133, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yjmcc.2019.05.019