Size-dependent Kosterlitz-Thouless superfluid transition in thin He4 films adsorbed on porous glasses

Keiya Shirahama, M. Kubota, S. Ogawa, N. Wada, T. Watanabe

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Abstract

We report the first quantitative study of the size-dependent suprefluid transition in He4 films adsorbed on porous glasses with pore diameters d from 50 to 10 000. Tc for the submonolayer films decreases as d increases up to d=2900, whereas Tc for the full-pore liquid increases with d. The d dependence of Tc and the dissipation at the transition for the films reveal that the vortex-pair unbinding on length scales smaller than the pore sizes determines the superfluid transition. We obtain the diameter of vortex core a0=25±12 from the fit by letting the 2D coherence length 2+(Tc)=d/2. AE

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1541-1544
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume64
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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porosity
glass
thin films
vortices
dissipation
liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Size-dependent Kosterlitz-Thouless superfluid transition in thin He4 films adsorbed on porous glasses. / Shirahama, Keiya; Kubota, M.; Ogawa, S.; Wada, N.; Watanabe, T.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 64, No. 13, 1990, p. 1541-1544.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shirahama, Keiya ; Kubota, M. ; Ogawa, S. ; Wada, N. ; Watanabe, T. / Size-dependent Kosterlitz-Thouless superfluid transition in thin He4 films adsorbed on porous glasses. In: Physical Review Letters. 1990 ; Vol. 64, No. 13. pp. 1541-1544.
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