Small polypoid lesions of the gallbladder. Differential diagnosis and surgical indications by helical computed tomography

Hiroyoshi Furukawa, Tomoo Kosuge, Kazuaki Shimada, Junji Yamamoto, Yae Kanai, Kiyoshi Mukai, Ryoko Iwata, Kyosuke Ushio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To demonstrate the helical computed tomographic (CT) features of small polypoid lesions of the gallbladder and to establish a clinical strategy based on CT findings for the treatment of such lesions. Design: Validation cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care public hospital. Patients: Thirty-one patients with polypoid lesions of the gallbladder (≤3 cm) underwent CT followed by resection. Main Outcome Measure: The detectability of the lesions on both unenhanced and enhanced CT and the configuration of the lesions on enhanced CT were prospectively evaluated in comparison with the histopathological findings. Results: Unenhanced CT detected 14 (45%) of the 31 lesions, whereas enhanced CT detected all of the lesions. The detection rates of the neoplastic lesions (adenoma, adenocarcinoma, and metastatic tumor) and cholesterol polyps were 81% (13/16) and 7% (1/15), respectively (P<.001). Among the 20 lesions demonstrated as pedunculated, 6 (30%) were neoplastic, whereas 10 (91%) of the 11 lesions demonstrated as sessile were neoplastic (P<.001). When a lesion was demonstrated on unenhanced CT or its shape was sessile on enhanced CT, the case was diagnosed as a neoplastic lesion. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and overall accuracy of the CT diagnosis of the neoplastic lesions were 88% (14/16), 87% (13/15), 88% (14/16), 87% (13/15), and 87% (27/31), respectively. Conclusion: Computed tomography can differentiate neoplastic and nonneoplastic small polypoid lesions of the gallbladder and reliably identify the presence of neoplastic lesions that should be resected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-739
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume133
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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