Social relationships and functional status among Japanese elderly adults living in a suburban area

K. Watanabe, E. Tanaka, T. Watanabe, E. Tomisaki, S. Ito, R. Okumura, T. Anme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Social relationships may help in maintaining functional status among older adults. This study examined the types of social relationships that were related to functional status among Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Study design: This is a prospective cohort study. Methods: We used baseline data from 2008 and conducted follow-up surveys six years later. Participants included individuals older than 65 years who lived in a suburban community in Japan. The Index of Social Interaction measure was used to assess multiple elements of social relationships. Two functional status outcomes were set: (1) functional decline and (2) functional decline and mortality. A multiple logistic regression model was used to examine the association between social relationships and functional decline six years later. Results: After controlling for age, sex, family structure and disease status in 2008, poor social curiosity (odds ratio [OR] = 1.31, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.57, 95% CI: 1.20–5.51) were found to be associated with functional decline. Furthermore, social curiosity (OR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.14–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.84, 95% CI: 1.44–5.59) were also associated with the composite outcome. Conclusions: Social curiosity and interacting with others were significantly associated with functional status. Promotion of social interaction may be essential for preventing future need for care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalPublic Health
Volume179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

Fingerprint

Exploratory Behavior
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Interpersonal Relations
Logistic Models
Independent Living
Japan
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Mortality

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Care prevention
  • Functioning
  • Older adults
  • Social relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Social relationships and functional status among Japanese elderly adults living in a suburban area. / Watanabe, K.; Tanaka, E.; Watanabe, T.; Tomisaki, E.; Ito, S.; Okumura, R.; Anme, T.

In: Public Health, Vol. 179, 02.2020, p. 84-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Watanabe, K. ; Tanaka, E. ; Watanabe, T. ; Tomisaki, E. ; Ito, S. ; Okumura, R. ; Anme, T. / Social relationships and functional status among Japanese elderly adults living in a suburban area. In: Public Health. 2020 ; Vol. 179. pp. 84-89.
@article{f5404c504a0242249fe26f84a121f2c8,
title = "Social relationships and functional status among Japanese elderly adults living in a suburban area",
abstract = "Objectives: Social relationships may help in maintaining functional status among older adults. This study examined the types of social relationships that were related to functional status among Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Study design: This is a prospective cohort study. Methods: We used baseline data from 2008 and conducted follow-up surveys six years later. Participants included individuals older than 65 years who lived in a suburban community in Japan. The Index of Social Interaction measure was used to assess multiple elements of social relationships. Two functional status outcomes were set: (1) functional decline and (2) functional decline and mortality. A multiple logistic regression model was used to examine the association between social relationships and functional decline six years later. Results: After controlling for age, sex, family structure and disease status in 2008, poor social curiosity (odds ratio [OR] = 1.31, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 1.02–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.57, 95{\%} CI: 1.20–5.51) were found to be associated with functional decline. Furthermore, social curiosity (OR = 1.39, 95{\%} CI: 1.14–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.84, 95{\%} CI: 1.44–5.59) were also associated with the composite outcome. Conclusions: Social curiosity and interacting with others were significantly associated with functional status. Promotion of social interaction may be essential for preventing future need for care.",
keywords = "Ageing, Care prevention, Functioning, Older adults, Social relationships",
author = "K. Watanabe and E. Tanaka and T. Watanabe and E. Tomisaki and S. Ito and R. Okumura and T. Anme",
year = "2020",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.puhe.2019.09.016",
language = "English",
volume = "179",
pages = "84--89",
journal = "Public Health",
issn = "0033-3506",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social relationships and functional status among Japanese elderly adults living in a suburban area

AU - Watanabe, K.

AU - Tanaka, E.

AU - Watanabe, T.

AU - Tomisaki, E.

AU - Ito, S.

AU - Okumura, R.

AU - Anme, T.

PY - 2020/2

Y1 - 2020/2

N2 - Objectives: Social relationships may help in maintaining functional status among older adults. This study examined the types of social relationships that were related to functional status among Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Study design: This is a prospective cohort study. Methods: We used baseline data from 2008 and conducted follow-up surveys six years later. Participants included individuals older than 65 years who lived in a suburban community in Japan. The Index of Social Interaction measure was used to assess multiple elements of social relationships. Two functional status outcomes were set: (1) functional decline and (2) functional decline and mortality. A multiple logistic regression model was used to examine the association between social relationships and functional decline six years later. Results: After controlling for age, sex, family structure and disease status in 2008, poor social curiosity (odds ratio [OR] = 1.31, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.57, 95% CI: 1.20–5.51) were found to be associated with functional decline. Furthermore, social curiosity (OR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.14–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.84, 95% CI: 1.44–5.59) were also associated with the composite outcome. Conclusions: Social curiosity and interacting with others were significantly associated with functional status. Promotion of social interaction may be essential for preventing future need for care.

AB - Objectives: Social relationships may help in maintaining functional status among older adults. This study examined the types of social relationships that were related to functional status among Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Study design: This is a prospective cohort study. Methods: We used baseline data from 2008 and conducted follow-up surveys six years later. Participants included individuals older than 65 years who lived in a suburban community in Japan. The Index of Social Interaction measure was used to assess multiple elements of social relationships. Two functional status outcomes were set: (1) functional decline and (2) functional decline and mortality. A multiple logistic regression model was used to examine the association between social relationships and functional decline six years later. Results: After controlling for age, sex, family structure and disease status in 2008, poor social curiosity (odds ratio [OR] = 1.31, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.57, 95% CI: 1.20–5.51) were found to be associated with functional decline. Furthermore, social curiosity (OR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.14–1.69) and interaction (OR = 2.84, 95% CI: 1.44–5.59) were also associated with the composite outcome. Conclusions: Social curiosity and interacting with others were significantly associated with functional status. Promotion of social interaction may be essential for preventing future need for care.

KW - Ageing

KW - Care prevention

KW - Functioning

KW - Older adults

KW - Social relationships

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075003046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075003046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.09.016

DO - 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.09.016

M3 - Article

C2 - 31739119

AN - SCOPUS:85075003046

VL - 179

SP - 84

EP - 89

JO - Public Health

JF - Public Health

SN - 0033-3506

ER -