Soft palatal melanosis, a simple predictor for neoplasia in the upper aerodigestive tract in Japanese alcoholic men

Kenro Hirata, Akira Yokoyama, Rieko Nakamura, Tai Omori, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Takeshi Mizukami, Katsuya Maruyama, Takanori Kanai, Tetsuji Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Soft palatal melanosis can be detected by visual inspection during routine physical examination or even personally in a mirror. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between squamous cell neoplasia in the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) and soft palatal melanosis. We reviewed digitized records of high-quality endoscopic images of the soft palate of 1786 Japanese alcoholic men who underwent endoscopic screening. Soft palatal melanosis was observed in 381 (21.3%) of the subjects (distinct, 6.3%). Older age, an inactive heterozygous aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 genotype, smoking, and a high mean corpuscular volume were positively associated with the presence of soft palatal melanosis. The age-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for UAT neoplasia was 1.92 (1.40-2.64) in the group with melanosis and 2.51 (1.55-4.06) in the group with distinct melanosis, compared with the melanosis-free group. A multivariate analysis showed that the presence of soft palatal melanosis was independently associated with a high risk of UAT neoplasia. We calculated the individual number of risk factors out of four easily identifiable and significant factors: age ≥55 years, current/former alcohol flushing, mean corpuscular volume ≥106 fL, and distinct soft palatal melanosis. Compared with the risk-factor-free condition, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) values of UAT neoplasia for one, two, three, and four risk factors were 1.49 (0.97-2.30), 3.14 (2.02-4.88), 4.80 (2.71-8.51), and 7.80 (2.17-28.1), respectively. The presence of soft palatal melanosis provides a simple new strategy for identifying heavy drinkers with a high risk for UAT neoplasia.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Melanosis
Alcoholics
Neoplasms
Erythrocyte Indices
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Soft Palate
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase
Age Factors
Physical Examination
Multivariate Analysis
Smoking
Epithelial Cells
Genotype
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Neoplasia
  • Predictive factor
  • Soft palatal melanosis
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Upper aerodigestive tract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Soft palatal melanosis, a simple predictor for neoplasia in the upper aerodigestive tract in Japanese alcoholic men. / Hirata, Kenro; Yokoyama, Akira; Nakamura, Rieko; Omori, Tai; Kawakubo, Hirofumi; Mizukami, Takeshi; Maruyama, Katsuya; Kanai, Takanori; Yokoyama, Tetsuji.

In: Cancer Science, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Soft palatal melanosis can be detected by visual inspection during routine physical examination or even personally in a mirror. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between squamous cell neoplasia in the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) and soft palatal melanosis. We reviewed digitized records of high-quality endoscopic images of the soft palate of 1786 Japanese alcoholic men who underwent endoscopic screening. Soft palatal melanosis was observed in 381 (21.3{\%}) of the subjects (distinct, 6.3{\%}). Older age, an inactive heterozygous aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 genotype, smoking, and a high mean corpuscular volume were positively associated with the presence of soft palatal melanosis. The age-adjusted odds ratio (95{\%} confidence interval) for UAT neoplasia was 1.92 (1.40-2.64) in the group with melanosis and 2.51 (1.55-4.06) in the group with distinct melanosis, compared with the melanosis-free group. A multivariate analysis showed that the presence of soft palatal melanosis was independently associated with a high risk of UAT neoplasia. We calculated the individual number of risk factors out of four easily identifiable and significant factors: age ≥55 years, current/former alcohol flushing, mean corpuscular volume ≥106 fL, and distinct soft palatal melanosis. Compared with the risk-factor-free condition, the odds ratio (95{\%} confidence interval) values of UAT neoplasia for one, two, three, and four risk factors were 1.49 (0.97-2.30), 3.14 (2.02-4.88), 4.80 (2.71-8.51), and 7.80 (2.17-28.1), respectively. The presence of soft palatal melanosis provides a simple new strategy for identifying heavy drinkers with a high risk for UAT neoplasia.",
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AU - Hirata, Kenro

AU - Yokoyama, Akira

AU - Nakamura, Rieko

AU - Omori, Tai

AU - Kawakubo, Hirofumi

AU - Mizukami, Takeshi

AU - Maruyama, Katsuya

AU - Kanai, Takanori

AU - Yokoyama, Tetsuji

PY - 2017

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N2 - Soft palatal melanosis can be detected by visual inspection during routine physical examination or even personally in a mirror. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between squamous cell neoplasia in the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) and soft palatal melanosis. We reviewed digitized records of high-quality endoscopic images of the soft palate of 1786 Japanese alcoholic men who underwent endoscopic screening. Soft palatal melanosis was observed in 381 (21.3%) of the subjects (distinct, 6.3%). Older age, an inactive heterozygous aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 genotype, smoking, and a high mean corpuscular volume were positively associated with the presence of soft palatal melanosis. The age-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for UAT neoplasia was 1.92 (1.40-2.64) in the group with melanosis and 2.51 (1.55-4.06) in the group with distinct melanosis, compared with the melanosis-free group. A multivariate analysis showed that the presence of soft palatal melanosis was independently associated with a high risk of UAT neoplasia. We calculated the individual number of risk factors out of four easily identifiable and significant factors: age ≥55 years, current/former alcohol flushing, mean corpuscular volume ≥106 fL, and distinct soft palatal melanosis. Compared with the risk-factor-free condition, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) values of UAT neoplasia for one, two, three, and four risk factors were 1.49 (0.97-2.30), 3.14 (2.02-4.88), 4.80 (2.71-8.51), and 7.80 (2.17-28.1), respectively. The presence of soft palatal melanosis provides a simple new strategy for identifying heavy drinkers with a high risk for UAT neoplasia.

AB - Soft palatal melanosis can be detected by visual inspection during routine physical examination or even personally in a mirror. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between squamous cell neoplasia in the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) and soft palatal melanosis. We reviewed digitized records of high-quality endoscopic images of the soft palate of 1786 Japanese alcoholic men who underwent endoscopic screening. Soft palatal melanosis was observed in 381 (21.3%) of the subjects (distinct, 6.3%). Older age, an inactive heterozygous aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 genotype, smoking, and a high mean corpuscular volume were positively associated with the presence of soft palatal melanosis. The age-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for UAT neoplasia was 1.92 (1.40-2.64) in the group with melanosis and 2.51 (1.55-4.06) in the group with distinct melanosis, compared with the melanosis-free group. A multivariate analysis showed that the presence of soft palatal melanosis was independently associated with a high risk of UAT neoplasia. We calculated the individual number of risk factors out of four easily identifiable and significant factors: age ≥55 years, current/former alcohol flushing, mean corpuscular volume ≥106 fL, and distinct soft palatal melanosis. Compared with the risk-factor-free condition, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) values of UAT neoplasia for one, two, three, and four risk factors were 1.49 (0.97-2.30), 3.14 (2.02-4.88), 4.80 (2.71-8.51), and 7.80 (2.17-28.1), respectively. The presence of soft palatal melanosis provides a simple new strategy for identifying heavy drinkers with a high risk for UAT neoplasia.

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KW - Squamous cell carcinoma

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