Somatoform symptoms in a Japanese community population: Prevalence and association with personality characteristics

Yutaka Ono, Kimio Yoshimura, Keita Yamauchi, Masahiro Asai, Jerome Young, Shigeki Fujihara, Toshinori Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the prevalence rates and characteristics of poorly explained or unexplained somatic symptoms in the general population of Japan, questionnaires were administered to 132 people aged 18 years or older in a small community in the city of Kofu. The participants were then interviewed by trained interviewers using a semi-structured interview schedule. Of the 132 participants in our study, 55 (41%) reported somatic symptoms. Of these 55, nine (16%) were diagnosed with a specific DSM-IV somatoform disorder. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the number of poorly explained symptoms among women was related to the respondent's score on Neuroticism. These data suggest that poorly explained or unexplained somatic symptoms are related to personality characteristics. Moreover, our analysis also revealed a gender difference in the pattern of these relationships. None of the respondents who reported medically unexplained somatic symptoms had sought psychiatric care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-227
Number of pages11
JournalTranscultural Psychiatry
Volume37
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jun

Fingerprint

Personality
personality
psychological care
neuroticism
interview
Population
community
gender-specific factors
Japan
regression
questionnaire
Interviews
Somatoform Disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Psychiatry
Appointments and Schedules
Regression Analysis
Medically Unexplained Symptoms
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Extraversion
  • Gender difference
  • Neuroticism
  • Somatization
  • Somatoform disorder
  • Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Somatoform symptoms in a Japanese community population : Prevalence and association with personality characteristics. / Ono, Yutaka; Yoshimura, Kimio; Yamauchi, Keita; Asai, Masahiro; Young, Jerome; Fujihara, Shigeki; Kitamura, Toshinori.

In: Transcultural Psychiatry, Vol. 37, No. 2, 06.2000, p. 217-227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ono, Yutaka ; Yoshimura, Kimio ; Yamauchi, Keita ; Asai, Masahiro ; Young, Jerome ; Fujihara, Shigeki ; Kitamura, Toshinori. / Somatoform symptoms in a Japanese community population : Prevalence and association with personality characteristics. In: Transcultural Psychiatry. 2000 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 217-227.
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