Spatial distribution of the charged particles and potentials during beam extraction in a negative-ion source

K. Tsumori, H. Nakano, M. Kisaki, K. Ikeda, K. Nagaoka, M. Osakabe, Y. Takeiri, O. Kaneko, M. Shibuya, E. Asano, T. Kondo, M. Sato, S. Komada, H. Sekiguchi, N. Kameyama, T. Fukuyama, S. Wada, Akiyoshi Hatayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the characteristics of the electronegative plasma in a large-scale hydrogen negative ion (H-) source. The measurement has been made with a time-resolved Langmuir probe installed in the beam extraction region. The H- density is monitored with a cavity ring-down system to identify the electrons in the negative charges. The electron-saturation current decreases rapidly after starting to seed Cs, and ion-ion plasma is observed in the extraction region. The H- density steps down during the beam extraction and the electron density jumps up correspondingly. The time integral of the decreasing H- charge density agrees well with the electron charge collected with the probe. The agreement of the charges is interpreted to indicate that the H- density decreasing at the beam extraction is compensated by the electrons diffusing from the driver region. In the plasmas with very low electron density, the pre-sheath of the extraction field penetrates deeply inside the plasmas. That is because the shielding length in those plasmas is longer than that in the usual electron-ion plasmas, and furthermore the electrons are suppressed to diffuse to the extraction region due to the strong magnetic field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number02B116
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Particle beam extraction
Ion sources
Charged particles
negative ions
ion sources
Spatial distribution
spatial distribution
charged particles
Negative ions
Plasmas
Electrons
electrons
Carrier concentration
Ions
Langmuir probes
Hydrogen
ions
electrostatic probes
hydrogen ions
Charge density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Tsumori, K., Nakano, H., Kisaki, M., Ikeda, K., Nagaoka, K., Osakabe, M., ... Hatayama, A. (2012). Spatial distribution of the charged particles and potentials during beam extraction in a negative-ion source. Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(2), [02B116]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3672116

Spatial distribution of the charged particles and potentials during beam extraction in a negative-ion source. / Tsumori, K.; Nakano, H.; Kisaki, M.; Ikeda, K.; Nagaoka, K.; Osakabe, M.; Takeiri, Y.; Kaneko, O.; Shibuya, M.; Asano, E.; Kondo, T.; Sato, M.; Komada, S.; Sekiguchi, H.; Kameyama, N.; Fukuyama, T.; Wada, S.; Hatayama, Akiyoshi.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, No. 2, 02B116, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsumori, K, Nakano, H, Kisaki, M, Ikeda, K, Nagaoka, K, Osakabe, M, Takeiri, Y, Kaneko, O, Shibuya, M, Asano, E, Kondo, T, Sato, M, Komada, S, Sekiguchi, H, Kameyama, N, Fukuyama, T, Wada, S & Hatayama, A 2012, 'Spatial distribution of the charged particles and potentials during beam extraction in a negative-ion source', Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 83, no. 2, 02B116. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3672116
Tsumori, K. ; Nakano, H. ; Kisaki, M. ; Ikeda, K. ; Nagaoka, K. ; Osakabe, M. ; Takeiri, Y. ; Kaneko, O. ; Shibuya, M. ; Asano, E. ; Kondo, T. ; Sato, M. ; Komada, S. ; Sekiguchi, H. ; Kameyama, N. ; Fukuyama, T. ; Wada, S. ; Hatayama, Akiyoshi. / Spatial distribution of the charged particles and potentials during beam extraction in a negative-ion source. In: Review of Scientific Instruments. 2012 ; Vol. 83, No. 2.
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