The spatially-targeted fabrication of bimetallic microstructures coexisting in the supporting hydrogel is demonstrated by multi-photon photoreduction. Microstructures composed of gold and silver were fabricated along a predefined trajectory by taking advantages of the hydrogel's ionic permeability. Different resonant wavelengths of optical absorption were obtained for gold, silver, and their bimetallic structures. Transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis revealed that the optical properties are attributable to the formation of bimetallic structure consisted of core-shell nanoparticles. The fabrication of dissimilar metal structures within hydrogel is a promising technique for optically driven actuators in soft robotics and sensing applications by allowing for site-selective optical properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics