Specific alcoholic beverage and blood pressure in a middle-aged Japanese population

The High-Risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion (HIPOP-OHP) Study

Tomonori Okamura, T. Tanaka, K. Yoshita, N. Chiba, Toru Takebayashi, Y. Kikuchi, J. Tamaki, U. Tamura, J. Minai, T. Kadowaki, K. Miura, H. Nakagawa, S. Tanihara, A. Okayama, H. Ueshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of popular Japanese alcoholic beverages on blood pressure. We performed a cross-sectional study on 4335 Japanese male workers using baseline data from an intervention study. We defined six groups according to the type of alcoholic beverage that provided two-thirds of the subject's total alcohol consumption: beer, sake (rice wine), shochu (traditional Japanese spirits), whiskey, wine and others. The partial regression coefficients of daily alcohol intake (1 drink = 11.5 g of ethanol) to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBF) were 0.87(P < 0.001, standard error (s.e.) = 0.09) and 0.77(P < 0.001, s.e. = 0.06), respectively. A comparison among the types of alcoholic beverages mainly consumed revealed significant differences in SBP and DBP. Both SBP and DBP were highest in the shochu group. However, an analysis of covariance adjusting for total alcohol consumption resulted in the disappearance of these differences. Although after adjustment for total alcohol consumption, the shochu group exhibited a significant positive association with 'high-normal blood pressure or greater' (odds ratio 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.95) compared with the beer group, this significant relation disappeared after adjusting for the body mass index (BMI), urinary sodium and potassium excretion. The pressor effect, per se, of popular Japanese alcoholic beverages on blood pressure may not be different among the types of alcoholic beverages after adjusting for other lifestyle factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan

Fingerprint

Alcoholic Beverages
Occupational Health
Health Promotion
Blood Pressure
Population
Alcohol Drinking
Wine
Life Style
Potassium
Body Mass Index
Ethanol
Cross-Sectional Studies
Sodium
Odds Ratio
Alcohols
Confidence Intervals
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Blood pressure
  • High-normal blood pressure
  • Urinary potassium excretion
  • Urinary sodium excretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Specific alcoholic beverage and blood pressure in a middle-aged Japanese population : The High-Risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion (HIPOP-OHP) Study. / Okamura, Tomonori; Tanaka, T.; Yoshita, K.; Chiba, N.; Takebayashi, Toru; Kikuchi, Y.; Tamaki, J.; Tamura, U.; Minai, J.; Kadowaki, T.; Miura, K.; Nakagawa, H.; Tanihara, S.; Okayama, A.; Ueshima, H.

In: Journal of Human Hypertension, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.2004, p. 9-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okamura, T, Tanaka, T, Yoshita, K, Chiba, N, Takebayashi, T, Kikuchi, Y, Tamaki, J, Tamura, U, Minai, J, Kadowaki, T, Miura, K, Nakagawa, H, Tanihara, S, Okayama, A & Ueshima, H 2004, 'Specific alcoholic beverage and blood pressure in a middle-aged Japanese population: The High-Risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion (HIPOP-OHP) Study', Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001627
Okamura, Tomonori ; Tanaka, T. ; Yoshita, K. ; Chiba, N. ; Takebayashi, Toru ; Kikuchi, Y. ; Tamaki, J. ; Tamura, U. ; Minai, J. ; Kadowaki, T. ; Miura, K. ; Nakagawa, H. ; Tanihara, S. ; Okayama, A. ; Ueshima, H. / Specific alcoholic beverage and blood pressure in a middle-aged Japanese population : The High-Risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion (HIPOP-OHP) Study. In: Journal of Human Hypertension. 2004 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 9-16.
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