Specific heat and effects of uniaxial anisotropy of a p-wave pairing interaction in a strongly interacting ultracold fermi gas

Daisuke Inotani, Pieter Van Wyk, Yoji Ohashi

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We investigate the specific heat CVat constant volume and effects of uniaxial anisotropy of a p-wave attractive interaction in the normal state of an ultracold Fermi gas. Within the framework of the strong-coupling theory developed by Nozières and Schmitt-Rink, we evaluate this thermodynamic quantity as a function of temperature, in the whole interaction regime. While the uniaxial anisotropy is not crucial for CVin the weak-coupling regime, CVis found to be sensitive to the uniaxial anisotropy in the strong-coupling regime. This originates from the population imbalance among pi-wave molecules (i = x; y; z), indicating that the specific heat is a useful observable to see which kinds of p-wave molecules dominantly exist in the strong-coupling regime when the p-wave interaction has uniaxial anisotropy. Using this strong point, we classify the strong-coupling regime into some characteristic regions. Since a p-wave pairing interaction with uniaxial anisotropy has been discovered in a 40K Fermi gas, our results would be useful in considering strong-coupling properties of a p-wave interacting Fermi gas, when the interaction is uniaxially anisotropic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044301
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 15


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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