## Abstract

We give a lower bound on the spectral gap for a class of stochastic energy exchange models. In 2011, Grigo et al. introduced the model and showed that, for a class of stochastic energy exchange models with a uniformly positive rate function, the spectral gap of an N-component system is bounded from below by a function of order N^{-2}. In this paper, we consider the case where the rate function is not uniformly positive. For this case, the spectral gap depends not only on N but also on the averaged energy e{open}, which is the conserved quantity under the dynamics. Under some assumption, we obtain a lower bound of the spectral gap which is of order C(e{open})N^{-2} where C(e{open}) is a positive constant depending on e{open}. As a corollary of the result, a lower bound of the spectral gap for the mesoscopic energy exchange process of billiard lattice studied by Gaspard and Gilbert [J. Stat. Mech. Theory Exp. 2008 (2008) p11021, J. Stat. Mech. Theory Exp. 2009 (2009) p08020] and the stick process studied by Feng et al. [Stochastic Process. Appl. 66 (1997) 147-182] are obtained.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1663-1711 |

Number of pages | 49 |

Journal | Annals of Probability |

Volume | 43 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2015 Jan 1 |

## Keywords

- Energy exchange
- Locally confined hard balls
- Nonuniformly positive rate function
- Spectral gap

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty