Spectrogram-Based Simultaneous Heartbeat and Blink Detection using Doppler Sensor

Kohei Yamamoto, Kentaroh Toyoda, Tomoaki Ohtsuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Heartbeats and a blink are two major physiological signals that provide crucial information on our stress and drowsiness. Hence, it is highly demanded to detect simultaneously heartbeats and blinks in many applications. A Doppler sensor could be a key device to facilitate the non-contact heartbeat and blink detection in daily life. Although many Doppler sensor-based heartbeat and blink detection methods have been independently proposed, when heartbeats and blinks are detected simultaneously with one Doppler sensor, the detection accuracies of such heartbeat and blink detection methods get degraded because of at least two issues: (i) the low SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) of each signal reflected from a subject's chest and face, and (ii) the similarity of the spectrum distribution of heartbeats and a blink. In this paper, we propose a spectrogram-based simultaneous heartbeat and blink detection using one Doppler sensor. In the proposed method, to extract the spectra that might be due to heartbeats and a blink, the spectra on a spectrogram are integrated. Blink detection is then performed by classifying the peaks of the integrated spectrum into a peak due to a blink or a non-blink based on a supervised machine learning classifier trained with a set of the time domain and the time-frequency domain features. Based on the non-blink peaks, heartbeats are detected considering the RRI (R-R Interval) estimated before the investigated peak to prevent the incorrect heartbeat detection. Through the experiments in the case where microwaves are transmitted from one Doppler sensor toward a body including a chest and a face, our proposal has been shown to be able to simultaneously detect heartbeats and blinks with high accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538680889
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Shanghai, China
Duration: 2019 May 202019 May 24

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
Volume2019-May
ISSN (Print)1550-3607

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period19/5/2019/5/24

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Yamamoto, K., Toyoda, K., & Ohtsuki, T. (2019). Spectrogram-Based Simultaneous Heartbeat and Blink Detection using Doppler Sensor. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Proceedings [8761920] (IEEE International Conference on Communications; Vol. 2019-May). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICC.2019.8761920