We consider the speed limit for classical stochastic Markov processes with and without the local detailed balance condition. We find that, for both cases, a trade-off inequality exists between the speed of the state transformation and the entropy production. The dynamical activity is related to a time scale and plays a crucial role in the inequality. For the dynamics without the local detailed balance condition, we use the Hatano-Sasa entropy production instead of the standard entropy production. Our inequalities consist of the quantities that are commonly used in stochastic thermodynamics and explicitly show underlying physical mechanisms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)