In the strong-coupling Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) region where a Feshbach resonance gives rise to tightly bound dimer molecules, we show that a spin-polarized Fermi superfluid reduces to a simple Bose-Fermi mixture of Bose-condensed dimers and the leftover unpaired fermions. Using a many-body functional integral formalism, the Gaussian fluctuations give rise to an induced dimer-dimer interaction mediated by the unpaired fermions, with the dimer-fermion vertex being given by the (mean-field) Born approximation. Treating the pairing fluctuations to quartic order, we show how the action for a spin-polarized Fermi superfluid reduces to one for a Bose-Fermi mixture. This Bose-Fermi action includes an expression for the effective dimer-unpaired fermion interaction in a spin-polarized Fermi superfluid beyond the Born approximation, in the BEC limit. In the low-density limit, we show how this dimer-fermion interaction gives the s -wave scattering length aBF =1.18 aF (aF is the s -wave fermion scattering length), a result first derived by Skorniakov and Ter-Martirosian in 1957 for three interacting fermions.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Aug 28|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics