Spin susceptibility and effects of a harmonic trap in the BCS-BEC crossover regime of an ultracold Fermi gas

Hiroyuki Tajima, Ryo Hanai, Yoji Ohashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We theoretically investigate magnetic properties of a trapped ultracold Fermi gas. Including pairing fluctuations within the framework of an extended T-matrix approximation (ETMA), as well as effects of a harmonic trap in the local density approximation (LDA), we calculate the local spin susceptibility xt(r, T) in the BCS (Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer)-BEC (Bose-Einstein condensation) crossover region. We show that pairing fluctuations cause non-monotonic temperature dependence of xt(r, T). Although this behavior looks similar to the spin-gap phenomenon associated with pairing fluctuations in a uniform Fermi gas, the trapped case is found to also be influenced by the temperature-dependent density profile, in addition to pairing fluctuations. We demonstrate how to remove this extrinsic effect from xt(r, T), to study the interesting spin-gap phenomenon purely originating from pairing fluctuations. Since experiments in cold atom physics are always done in a trap, our results would be useful for the assessment of preformed pair scenario, from the viewpoint of spin-gap phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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